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Kushinagar, Uttar Pradesh

Information about Kushinagar
Kushinagar or Kushinara of Yore is the place where the Lord Buddha died, at the age of 80 and was cremated and achieved the state of Parinirvana. Kushinagar is situated about 55 kms. away from Gorakhpur and a revered place for Buddhist pilgrims. In ancient times, Kushinagar was known as Kushinara and was a small town of not great significance in the Malla kingdom. The main tourist attraction in Kushinagar is the Mahaparinirvana temple, containing the reclining statue of Lord Buddha.

History of Kushinagar
In ancient times, Kushinagar was known as Kushinara and was a small town of not great significance in the Malla dynasty. The whole area was occupied until the 11th century. The actual site of the original town has not been established, but the site of the Buddha’s

Kushinagar Uttar Pradesh

death was one of the four major sites of Buddhist pilgrimage. It was here that the Buddha died and was cremated and achieved the Parinirvana. The last rites were performed with all the honour that is due to a universal monarch (Chakravartin), as he was held in reverence by all people. The kings of eight Indian states of the Gangetic basin came for the funeral rites and divided his ashes in eight parts. Each king carried these back to his kingdom and built a ‘Stupa’ over the mortal remains of Lord Buddha. There are eight groups of monasteries, stupas and images, indicating that Kushinagar was a substantial community. On the Buddha’s death, the various monasteries were established which flourished until the last Buddhist monastery was destroyed at Nalanda in the 13th century. There were eight groups of monasteries, stupas and images, indicating that Kushinagar was a substantial community. It was here that the Tathagata, the reciter of truth, breathed his last days. The whole of Kushinagar was turned into a memorial site with stupas and Gupta period Chaitayas and Viharas, built by the kings. Fa Hien, Hieun Tsang and I Tsing, the Chinese travellers visited Kushinagar during different centuries and recorded a graphic account of the place which later fell to bad times, due to lack of patronage. A thousand years passed before the stupa and the temple were cleared in the 1880s and excavations of the stupa were begun by the Archaeological Survey of India in 1904-5, following clues left in the writings of the Chinese travelers. A shaft was driven through the centre of the stupa which brought to light a copper-plate placed on the mouth of a relic casket in the form of a copper vessel with charcoal, cowries, precious stones and a gold coin of Kamaragupta I.

Tourist Attractions in Kushinagar
The tourist attractions in Kushinagar are the Mahaparinirvana Temple, Mata Kunwar Shrine and Rambhar Stupa. Apart from this, a Chinese Temple, a Buddhist Temple, a Tibetan Temple and the Indo-Japan-Srilanka Buddhist Centre are the religious place for pilgrims.


Mahaparinirvana Temple
The Mahaparinirvana Temple is dedicated to the Lord Buddha where he attained Parinirvana. This temple has a reclining statue of Lord Buddha. This statue was excavated in 1876 at the temple, and one of the most momentous sight for the devotees. This statue was brought from Mathura by Haribala, a devout monk, during the reign of King Kumara Gupta in the 5th Century AD. This temple is visited by thousands of Buddhist pilgrims every year from all parts of the world.

Mahaparinirvana Temple Kushinagar

Mata Kunwar Shrine
Mata Kunwar Shrine contains a 10th century blue schist image of Lord Buddha.

Mukutabandhana Stupa

The Mukutabandhana Stupa is one of the most interesting structures, built by the Malla dynasty to house the Buddha’s relics after the cremation.

Rambhar Stupa
Rambhar Stupa is the spot where Lord Buddha was cremated and his relics were divided into eight equal parts.

Excursion from Kushinagar


The word 'Aligarh' means “the high fort”. Before the first Muslim invasion, Aligarh was a Rajput stronghold. From 1194 it was administered by Muslim Governors appointed by the King of Delhi. The fort was built in 1524 and subsequently reinforced by French and then British engineers. With the decline of the Mughal Empire, it fell into Jat, Maratha and Rohilla hands before being taken by the British under Lord Lake in 1803. The Mutiny of 1857 quickly spread from Meerut when the 9th Native Infantry went off to join the rebels at Delhi. The British regained control five months later. There are a number of mosques and also the Aligarh Muslim University which was founded by Sir Saiyad Ahmad Khan in 1875 under the name of the Anglo-Oriental College and modeled on the Oxford and Cambridge collegiate system.


Kannauj used to be on the banks of the Ganga. Now it is several km to its south. Kannauj was Harsha’s capital in the 7th century and later that of the Tomar and Rathore Rajputs. Mahmud of Ghazni left his devastating mark in 1018 when he sacked it and Qutb-ud-in-Aibak took it in 1194 forcing the Rathors to flee to Rajasthan. There is little of interest however, except the Archaeological Museum with its collection of sculptures from the area, some dating from the 1st and 2nd centuries AD, the Shrine of Raja Ajaipal and the Jama Masjid which was converted from a Hindu temple by Ibrahim Shah of Jaunpur at the turn of the 15th century.

How to reach Kushinagar
By Air:

The nearest airport is located in Gorakhpur, about 62 kms. away.

By Rail:
The nearest railway station is located in Gorakhpur which is connected with Lucknow, Varanasi and other cities.

By Road:

Kushinagar is well connected by road with all major cities like Lucknow, Gorakhpur, Ayodhya, Allahabad and Varanasi.


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