Origin of the Guhilas, their Rise and Bappa Rawal in Rajasthan

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Origin of the Guhilas, their Rise and Bappa Rawal in Rajasthan

Different views have been expressed about the origin of the Guhilas. Abul Fazal, the court historian of Akbar, believed that the dynasty was originated from Naushervan-E-Adil, the emperor of Persia but also informs us that they were regarded Brahmanas because their king was nurthured by Brahmana in the Beginning of their history. Masira-ul-Umra’s writer has repeated this view. Lakshmi Narayan Shafiq Aurangabadi wrote the book entitled Bisatui Ganaim in 1790 A.D. He says that the rulers of Udaipur were considered supreme among the kings of Hind and other rulers succeed to their paternal throne with the Guhila king’s permission. All these unhistoric tales were prevalent in Mdieval India.

James tod collected the tales prevalent in the nineteenth century. According to a traditional tale the Guhilas belonged to solar dynasty and were in the famous family of Rama of Ayodhya. Tod mentions another tale that Kanaksen of solar dynasty came down form Lohakota identified with Lahor said to be Lavapur after the name of Lava, the elder son of Rama. He settled in Saurashtra portion of Gujarat in V-S. 580 = 523 A.D. in the time of Raja Siladitya their capital Valabhi was destroyed by foreigners. The queen had gone on pilgrimage of Amba Bhawani and remained safe and her son Goha became the ruler of Mewar. The view of Tod was not believed by Malcolm, Crooke and G.H. Ojha. They’re finding based on historical facts are that the Iranian prince Naushejad never came to India and Valabhi in Gujarat was ruled by the Sakes and not Kanaksen, hence Tod’s tales are mere gossip and nothing more than that. Kaviraja Shyamal-das believed in the Guhilas coming from Gujarat without any historical evidence.

Rise of the Guhilas and Bappa Rawal

“It is only in a country protected by arms there is perception about the code of knowledge” After the downfall of the Gupta empire people of the Guhila or forest lying on the Aravali range and its east had its new masters who called themselves Guhila after the forest (guhila) territory. We know of the Guhilas of (1) Chaksu or Chatsu of tehsil Chaksu, south of modem Jaipur of (2) Nagara of Tehsil Uniyara of District Tonk, of (3) Nasuna of District Ajmer, of (4) Dhavagarta now known as Dhoda of tehsil Jahazpur of District Bhilwara, of (5) Nagahrada now known as Nagada near Ekalingji of District Rajsamand north of Udaipur town of District Udaipur, and of (7) Rishabhdeva, 39 miles south of Udaipur in district Udaipur.

Here we are primarily concerned with Guhila dynasty which had a king or kings entitled or named Bappa. G.H. Ojha says that in an inscription of V.S – 1028 in the Guhila family there was king named Bappa (Bapa) who was like moon in Guhila dynasty. When six families are called Guhila without having their first ruler named as Guhila there is no sense in believing that they had taken this name from common forefather named Guhila. The inscription of Atapur (Ahara) of V.S. 1034 has mentioned the first king’s name as Guhadatta meaning gift of Guha or Sadanana, the first Son of God Siva, the family deity of this family. The inscriptions of Chittor of V.S. 1331, of Abu of V.S. 1342 and of Ranapur of V.S. 1496 have given the Guhila surname by which Guhadatta became famous. They have given his father’s name as Bappa. Till this day we have this name of persons in Rajasthan. In Kumbhalgarh inscription of V.S. 1517 bettween Naga and Aparatjita a king is named Bappa who has been identified with Siladitya of Samoli inscription of V.S. 703. From Bappa first Siladity a is sixth ruler. Then sat on the throne Aparajita, Mahendra II Kalabhoja respectively. This 10th ruler from Bappa I viz. Kalabhoja is identified with Bappa or Bapa of Ekalinga mahatmya written in the time of Maharana Kumbha.

 
 

Rajasthan Information: History - Culture - Heritage - Music - Dance - Art - Architecture - Society

Sources of the History and Culture of Rajasthan
(From earliest times up to 1200 A.D.)

Rajput - Muslims Relations
 (1200 – 1526 A.D.)

Architecture in Rajasthan (1200 – 1800 A.D.)

Kalibangan - the largest prehistoric site in Rajasthan

Excavations at Ahar (South Rajasthan)

Origin of the Rajputs

Origin of the Guhilas, their Rise and Bappa Rawal in Rajasthan

Moguls & Chauhans Resistance in Rajasthan

Rawal Ratan Singh of Rajasthan and his Resistance against the Turks

Maharana Kumbha (1433 – 1468) and his Political Achievements

Maharana Kumbha & his Cultural Achievements

Maharana Sanga & his Achievements (1508 – 1528 A.D.)

Rajasthani Paintings Schools

Merger of Rajput states in the Indian Union

Resistance of Mahararana Pratap of Mewar Against Akbar

Maratha - Rajputs Relations

Raja Man Singh of Amber

Rathore – Sisodia Alliance & Achievements of Raj Singh in Mewar

Role of Durga Dass Rathor in the history of Rajasthan

Sawai Jai Singh of Jaipur , Mughals and Marathas

Rajasthan’s Cultural Heritage

 
 

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