preserve the heritage and culture of Rajasthan, the
palaces and forts of erstwhile rulers of Rajasthan were
converted into museums, art galleries and archaeological
sites. These museums have rare and unique collection of
arms, weapons, stuffed animals, paintings, manuscripts,
potteries, photographs, ornate mirrored furniture,
Persian carpets, vintage cars, etc. Some of the
important museums of Rajasthan are located in Jaipur,
Ranthambore, Bikaner, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, Udaipur, Chittorgarh
Museums in Ajmer
Government Museum, situated in the heart of the old city of
Ajmer is housed in the beautiful palace built by the Mughal
Emperor Akbar in 1570. It was here that the British General
Sir Thomas Roe met Emperor Jahangir in 1616. In the museum are
the palace quarters where the emperors lived. After the
British rule in 1818 and during the first war of Independence
in 1857 these palace quarters were used as the Rajputana
Arsenal by the British.
Archaeological Museum is located in the Dil-e-Aaram Gardens of
Ajmer and established in 1949. An Art Gallery was inaugurated
in 1992 in this complex. This museum is divided into three
sections. This museum has the collection of sculptures and
some excavated material of earlier civilizations.
Museums in Alwar
Alwar Government Museum:
The government museum is housed in the old City Palace. This
museum has a unique collection of arms, lacquered brassware
and ivory work items, musical instruments, stuffed animals,
pottery works, miniature paintings and Persian and Sanskrit
manuscripts. The museum is divided into three major sections,
each housed in a big hall.
Virat Nagar Museum:
In the epic period, the area around the district of Jaipur,
Alwar and Bharatpur came to be known as Matsyadesh with Virat
Nagar as its capital. Frequent references of Matsyadesh have
been made in the Indian epic-the Mahabharat. The Virat Nagar
museum has the richest collection of excavated material like
potteries, paintings, old coins, seals, metallic pieces,
weapons and statues.
Museums in Bharatpur
Bharatpur Government Museum:
Bharatpur Government Museum is located in the centre of the
famous Lohagarh Fort. The Bharatpur Museum houses a rich
collection of archaeological wealth of the nearby areas and as
well as from the old Bharatpur State. This museum exhibits
some of the sculptures found during the excavation of old
villages e.g. Noh, Mailah, Bareh, Bayana etc. ranging from the
Museums in Chittorgarh
Fateh Prakash Palace Museum:
Inside the historical Chittorgarh Fort, one big portion of the
Fateh Prakash Palace was converted into a museum in 1968. It
has a great collection of sculptures. The important sculptures
are of Lord Ganpati from Pangarh, Indra and Jain Ambica
statues from Rashmi village of post medieval period. Some
weapons, daggers and arms are also displayed in the museum.
This newly constructed museum was opened to public in 1988.
The sculpture gallery of the museum throws light on the
history of Vagad Pradesh that was spread over the present
areas of Dungarpur, Banswara and Kherwara of Udaipur district.
Museums in Jaipur
Albert Hall Museum:
Albert Hall Museum is located in the centre of the sprawling
Ram Niwas Bagh. This is the oldest museum in the state of
Rajasthan. It was built in 1876 when King Edward VII visited
India. Albert Hall museum was opened to public in 1896.
Modern Art Gallery:
Modern art gallery is a small gallery in the first floor of
the Ravindra Manch Auditorium. This gallery shows a selection
of works by the well known modern artists of Rajasthan.
Hawa Mahal Museum:
Just behind the beautiful Hawa Mahal (Palace of Winds) in the
adjoining Pratap Mandir is the Hawa Mahal Museum. This museum
was setup in the year 1973. This museum has the sculptural
heritage collected from Ganeshwar, Virat Nagar, Raid, Sambhar
Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II Museum:
Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II Museum is located within the City
palace complex. This museum was founded in 1959 by Maharaja
Sawai Man Singh II. It exhibits ancestral collections of the
successive rulers of Amber and Jaipur.
Sea Shell Museum
It is a private museum owned by Rustomjee Memorial Foundation
and all the exhibits are those that have been given away by
Alice Garg and her husband, Krishna Garg from their private
collection. Also, it is the first and only museum in India
dedicated entirely to seashells.
Museums in Jaisalmer
Folklore museum is divided into six sections and has a rich
collection of paintings, photographs, costumes, hair styles
and jewellery, utility articles of rural life, camel and horse
decorations, fossils, ornamental arches, as well as articles
connected with folk and cultural lifestyles.
The Government museum in Jaisalmer was opened in 1974. It
houses a large collection of wood and marine fossils and gives
an insight into the geological past of the area. The
sculptures from the ancient townships of Karamu and Lour
dating back to the 12th century pulsate with youth and grace
and depict the skill of the time.
Museums in Jodhpur
Government Museum is located in the Umaid gardens and has a
large and fairly interesting collection. There are many
stuffed animals, including a number of desert birds in two
glass cases, each with a thorn bush. The military section
includes cumbersome wooden biplane, models and an
extraordinary brass battleship.
Museums in Kota
Government museum was originally located in the Hawa Mahal
just above the entrance of the fort. This museum has now been
shifted to the Brij Vilas Palace and now has a new display and
Archaeological museum possesses several hundred sculptures
from different cultural centers of the region. These
sculptures belong to the period from 8th to the 12th century
AD and as well as of the Gupta period (4th to 5th century AD).
Sculptures worth mentioning are Shesh Sayi Vishnu from Badoli
(Chittorgarh), Jain image of Vardhaman from Baron and a
dancing pair from Ramgarh. A few inscriptions are displayed in
the museum. Coins discovered from various sites of Kota region
are preserved and displayed in the numismatic section. Most of
the coins belong to the Mughal and Rajput kingdom.
Museums in Udaipur
City Palace Museum:
The huge City Palace, towering over the Pichola Lake, is the
largest palace complex in Rajasthan. Maharaja Udai Singh, the
founder of the Udaipur constructed the City Palace. The main
part of the palace is now preserved as a museum with a large
and varied collection. The City Palace museum was established
in 1890 and is one of the earliest museums of the state. In
this museum there is the Mor Chowk with the beautiful peacocks
in mosaic. The Manka (Ruby) Mahal in this museum has glass and
porcelain figures while Krishna Vilas has a remarkable
collection of miniatures. Some paintings can also be seen in
the Zanana Mahal. The Moti Mahal has beautiful mirror work and
the Chini Mahal is covered in ornamental tiles. This museum
also has the arms of Maharana Pratap and drums and amunitions
of Rana Sanga, the ruler of Mewar.
The Government Museum Of Udaipur was originally located in
Gulab Bagh and was called Victoria Hall Museum. It has now
been shifted to Karan Vilas Mahal within the premises of the
City Palace. This museum highlights the culture and heritage
of Rajasthan and has an extensive collection of excavated
items, inscriptions, sculptures, paintings and handicrafts.
The inscriptions in this museum belong to the period from 2nd
century BC to 15th century AD. The antiques of the plastic art
of Mewar also adds attraction to the museum. The most
remarkable collection in this museum is that of more than nine
thousand miniature paintings of Mewar school from the period
of Maharaja Jagat Singh to Maharaja Swaroop Singh. It has a
Children Gallery which has models of animals like tiger, deer,
etc. The museum also has a collection of colourful Mewari
The Shilp Gram is located near Fateh Sagar which is about 6 km
from the City Palace. In the Shilp Gram a village has been
related with 26 replica huts which gives a glimpse of the
tribal life of Rajasthan.