Junagarh Fort, Bikaner

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Junagarh Fort, Bikaner

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Junagarh Fort

Junagarh Fort, a historic fort is one of the most impressive fort in Bikaner in Rajasthan. Junagarh fort and it's palaces were built between 1588-1593 by Raja Raj Singh, a general in the army of the Mughal emperor Akbar. Junagarh Fort has remained unconquered till date. This fort has a 96 meter long wall to protect 37 palaces, temples and pavilions within it. The 37 bastions guard the fort and only two gates provide the access inside the fort. The main entrance of the fort is Suraj Pol or Sun Gate. The palaces, exquisitely built in red sandstone and marble are ornate with mirror work, carvings and paintings

Junagarh Fort, Junagarh Fort in Bikaner

There are about 37 palaces, temples and pavilions built inside the fort which are made up of red sandstone. The palaces have exquisitely carved windows, balconies, towers and kiosks. The interiors of palaces is done by lacquered furniture, mirror work, murals, gold polish, enamel work, shell finish and lime plaster. Inside the fort you will be able to see the low bed of the Maharajas decorated with mirrors, Durbar and coronation halls, medieval Mughal swords, Second World War plane, miniature paintings of the Bikaner school and an oil painting of the Versailles treaty. The fort museum has an extensive collection of illuminated manuscripts, jewellery, jars, carpets, arms and weapons, treaties and rare antiques. 

The fort encompasses many palaces among which the most spectacular ones are the Chandra Mahal or Moon palace, the Phool Mahal or Flower palace, the Anup Mahal, Gaj Mandir and Har Mandir. The mirrors, paintings and carved marble panels in the Moon Palace or Chandra Mahal are splendid. It has paintings on lime plaster walls. The Phool Mahal or Flower Palace is more elaborately decorated with mirror and glass work. The victory over Aurangzeb was celebrated by building the Karan Mahal. The Har Mandir is the place where marriages, births and Gangaur festivals were celebrated. The Gaj Mandir has an ivory inlaid bed, beautiful swing seat, silver chairs and polished wooden chests and cupboards. The Anup Mahal houses the gorgeous and opulent coronation room in rich glowing red and gold. Magnificent doors with beautiful raised lacquer work, ornamented with opaque glass inlay work, impart a jewel-like opulence to this royal chamber. The Anup Mahal was the governance chambers for the rulers. The beautifully maintained rooms now display the treasures of the Royal family.

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