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Srirangam
About Srirangam

Srirangam is an island and a part of the city of Trichy which is situated in South India. Srirangam is surrounded by the Kaveri River from one side, and the Kaveri distributary Kollidam from the other side. Srirangam is dwelling to a large population of Srivaishnavites (followers of Lord Vishnu, one of the triumvirate of Hindu Gods the other 2 are Lord Brahma, the Creator and Lord Shiva, the Destroyer).

Srirangam is well-known for its Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, an important sacred place for for Hindus (especially Srivaishnavites) and is one of the biggest temple complex in India.

This temple is one of the largest and most interesting temple complexes in India. This temple is built on the Srirangam island in the middle of the Kaveri river and covers an area of 2.5 square kms. The main temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu. Even muslims are said to have prayed here after the fall of the Vijayanagar Empire. Today, non Hindus are not allowed into the gold-topped sanctum, but they are allowed into the sixth wall. It is surrounded by seven concentric walls and has 21 magnificent gateway towers (gopurams) and a 1000-pillared hall with beautiful carvings. The 22nd gateway tower which is about 236 feet high, has been recently completed and is the tallest temple tower in Asia.

There is a Gopuram inside the temple complex which is made up of gold and safeguarded by electrical fence. Clothes such as Dhoti, Towels, Silk Sarees etc used for spiritual purposes are displayed for sale at this place. Inside the temple complex, there is a separate temple for the goddess Andal, a library, bookshop and also a museum.

 
History of Srirangam

According to Vedas, the Vimana (decoration on top of the main tower) of Srirangam temple is considered to have come out of the ocean of milk with the powers of Brahma deva (One of the three main Gods of Hinduism). The embodiment of Lord Vishnu called Ramavathara has performed poojas to Vishnu's statue (deity in a reclining posture).

He presented the statue to Vibishana (brother of Ravana of the Hindu epic Ramayana) as a symbol of love to take back to Sri Lanka with him. There was a condition that he could not set the sculpture on earth and if he did it would set itself permanently.

Vibishana took this sculpture with him and was traveling towards Sri Lanka, and came at the banks of Cauvery River, when utsavam (festival) for the god takes place and he placed the sculpture on banks of river Kaveri.

When the utsavamis finished, the lord declines to move as he like the place of Srirangam. When vibhishana requested him to come along with him, the lord declines but assures to bless Vibhishana by always facing South (the way of Sri Lanka, dwelling of Vibhishana). Hence the deity in a reclining posture faces South. Then Chola kings Killivalavan and Dharmavarcholan expanded the temple into a large temple of Srirangam. They constructed the basic foundations and main structure of the temple.

 
Climate of Srirangam

Srirangam has a Tropical Climate.  Average temperature during summer is Max. 37 C Min. 26 C; Winter- Max. 31 C Min. 20 C; Rainfall: 835 mm.

How to Reach Srirangam

By Rail
Srirangam is well connected by rail network. Srirangam Railway Station is well connected with Chennai and is also well connected with some cities of north India like Delhi.

By Road
Srirangam is well connected by road with various importent cities of India. Trichy bus stand has direct services to most parts of Tamil Nadu.

By Air
Srirangam is well connected by air. From Srirangam the nearest airport is Tiruchirappalli International Airport. Tiruchirappalli Airport is well connected with various important cities of like Bangalore, Chennai, Mumbai, Abu Dhabi, Thiruvanathapuram, Dubai, Sharjah, Kuwait, Singapore and Malaysia.     

 

 


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