Eravikulam National Park Facts
Latitude and Longitude: 10 degree 10' - 10 degree 20'
North and 77 degree 0' - 77 degree 10' East
Area: 97 square km.
Altitude: 1400 m to 2694 m above sea level
Rainfall: 4500 mm
Tourist season: September to November, April to June.
Information about the Eravikulam
Eravikulam National Park is situated in the Devikulam Taluk of Idukki district in Kerala, about 15 kms.
north of Munnar. Eravikulam National Park was established in
1975 to protect the Nilgiri Tahr. Eravikulam was declared as a
National Park in 1978 considering its ecological, faunal,
floral, geomorphologic and zoological significance. The park
is breathtakingly beautiful as comparable to the Alpine
ranges. Anaimudi peak, the highest mountain peak in South
India is situated in the southern region of the park. This
park covers an area of 97 square km. This park is one of the
wettest regions in the world. The park is divided into three
regions - the core area, the buffer area and the tourism area.
Visitors are allowed to visit only the tourism area which is
in the Rajmalai region.
Vegetation in the Eravikulam National
The vegetation comprises of rolling grasslands, exotic flora
and the shoal forests. The Neelakurinji is the exotic flora
found in the forests and grasslands here. This flower which
bathes the hills in blue every twelve years, will bloom next
in 2006 AD.
Wildlife Attractions in Eravikulam National Park
The major wildlife attractions in the Eravikulam National Park
are the Nilgiri Tahr. Almost half of the world population of
Nilgiri Tahr is found in the Eravikulam National Park.
According to 1991 census, about 1317 Nigiri Tahrs are found in
this park. The various other animals which are found in the
Eravikulam National Park are the Tigers, panthers, Wild dog in
the open grasslands and shola woods, Civet cat, Jungle cat in
the sholas, Sloth bear, Nilgiri langur and wild boar in the
shola forests and their fringes. The Altas moth, the largest
of its kind in the world, can also be seen in this park.
Best time to visit Eravikulam National Park
The best time to visit the Eravikulam National Park is in the
early morning and evening. The best season to visit this park
is from September to November and from April to June. The
visitors are not allowed to visit during the monsoon. Frost is
common in the winters from December to February.
How to reach Eravikulam National Park
The nearest airport is located at Kochi which is about 135 kms.
The nearest railway station is located at Aluva which is about
115 km from Munnar.
Eravikulam National Park is about 15 kms from Munnar, 135 kms.
from Kochi and 148 kms. from Kottayam by road.