Latitude and Longitude: 8 degree 50'
- 8 degree 55' North and 77 degree 05' - 77 degree 15' East
Area: 100.32 square kms.
Temperature: 35 degrees in Summers, 16 degrees in
Rainfall: 3000 mm
Altitude: 100 m to 1717 m above sea level
Tourist season: October to May
Information about Shendruny Wildlife
Shenduruny Wildlife Sanctuary is located in
the Pathanapuram taluk in the Kollam district in Kerala. The
Shendruny Wildlife Sanctuary is located about 66 kms from
Kollam town on the Kollam–Shencotta Road in Kerala. The
Shenduruny forest was declared as a wildlife sanctuary in
1984. The name "Shenduruny" comes from an endemic species of
tree called Chenkuruny (Gluta travancoria), mainly confined to
this region. The artificial lake formed by the Parappar Dam
built across the Shenduruny and Kulathupuzha rivers occupies
the central region of the sanctuary. This wildlife sanctuary
covers an area of 100.32 square kms and the lake covers an
area of 26 square km. Shendruny Wildlife Sanctuary is also the
site for India's first planned eco-tourism project.
Vegetation in the Shendruny Wildlife Sanctuary
The vegetation in the Shendruny Wildlife Sanctuary consists of
the hilly terrain at 100 m to 1717 m above sea level, west
coast tropical evergreen forest, west coast tropical semi
evergreen forest, southern moist mixed deciduous forest and
southern hilltop tropical evergreen forest.
Wildlife Attractions in the Shendruny Wildlife Sanctuary
The major wildlife animals found in the Shendruny wildlife
sanctuary are the Macaca radiata, Bonnet macaque, gaur (Indian
bison), sambar, barking deer (muntjack), wild boar, Indian
giant squirrel, three striped palm squirrel, lion-tailed
macaque, mouse deer (Indian chevrotian), Nilgiri langur,
elephant, tiger, leopard etc.
Other Tourist Attractions in the Shendruny Wildlife
Besides famous for the wildlife sanctuary the Shendruny was
also the cradle of one of the oldest river valley
civilizations in India. The remains of the stone age culture
belonging to the Mesolithic period from 5210 to 4420 BC, have
also been excavated from a large cave at the northwestern part
of the Shenduruny River. The cave which is large enough to
hold 20 people at a time has paintings similar to the
Mesolithic paintings found in the caves of central India.
How to reach Shendruny Wildlife Sanctuary
The nearest airport is located at Thiruvananthapuram or
Trivandrum which is about 72 kms.
The nearest railway station is located at Thenmala which is
connected with Chennai, Mumbai, Delhi and Srinagar.
The Shenduruny Wildlife Sanctuary is connected with the town
of Kollam and Thiruvananthapuram city.