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Chenab River
About Chenab River

The Chenab is a major river of Jammu and Kashmir, India and the Punjab in Pakistan. It forms in the upper Himalayas in the Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh, India, and it flows through the Jammu region of Jammu and Kashmir into the plains of the Punjab, Pakistan. The waters of the Chenab are allocated to Pakistan under the terms of the Indus Waters Treaty.

This river has been in the news of late due to the steps taken by the Indian government to construct a number of hydroelectric power dams along its length in India, notably Baglihar Dam, as part of the Indus Basin Project. These planned projects on Chenab have been "contested" by Pakistan, though Pakistan's objections have been dismissed by the Indian government.

History of Chenab River

The river was known to Indians in the Vedic period as Chandrabhaga and as Acesines to the Ancient Greeks. In 325 BC, Alexander the Great founded the town of Alexandria on the Indus at the confluence of the Indus and the combined stream of Punjab rivers (presently known as the Panjnad River).

Geography of Chenab River

The waters of the Chenab begin from snow melt from the Bara Lacha Pass in Himachal Pradesh. The waters flowing south from the pass are known as the Chandra River and those that flow north are called the Bhaga River. Eventually the Bhaga flows around to the south joining the Chandra at the village of Tandi. A motorable road runs along the Bhaga River, from Khoskhas to Tandi. The Bhaga and Chandra meet to form the Chandrbhaga River at Tandi. It becomes the Chenab when it joins the Marau River at Bhandera Kot, 12 km from Kishtwar Town in Jammu and Kashmir.

It flows from the Jammu region of Jammu and Kashmir into the plains of the Punjab, It forms the boundary between the Jech and Rechna interfluves. It is connected by the Jhelum River at Trimmu and then by the Ravi River Ahmedpur Sial . It then merges with the Sutlej River near Uch Sharif, Pakistan to form the Panjnad or the 'Five Rivers', the fifth being the Beas River which joins the Satluj near Ferozepur, India. The Chenab then joins the Indus at Mithankot, The total length of the Chenab is approximately 960 kilometres.

Bridges on Chenab River

There are several road and railway bridges on Chenab-
1)The river is crossed in Jammu and Kashmir by the world's highest railway bridge named Chenab Bridge.
2)At Marala Headworks a bridge links Gujrat and Sialkot districts of Punjab, Pakistan.
3)Two road bridges at N5 National Highway and a railway bridge cross the river near Wazirabad.
4)Further down stream another bridge at M-2 crosses the river
5)There are railway & highway bridges down the stream near Chiniot .
6)Moreover, there are road bridges over the river near Jhang.


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