splendour and varied natural resources. In the year
1841, Mr. P. Barron of Shahjahanpur was so moved by the
scenic splendour of the place that he had a house
constructed by the name “Pilgrim Cottage" and gradually
a township sprung up around the lake. Nainital is a
famous hill station and has a varied topography. There
are various lakes in Nainital and as such it is also
known as the Lake District of India or Switzerland of
Asia. The main lake in Nainital is the Naini Lake and
Nainital derives its name from this lake. This lake is
ringed by hills and named after the goddess Naini.
Nainital used to be the summer capital of the United
Provinces during the British period and continued to
remain so for many years even after independence. Its
snow-capped peaks, verdant valleys, rolling meadows and
crystal lakes have beckoned lovers of nature since ages.
Nature has been generous in endowing Nainital with
natural beauty and abundance of flora and fauna.
Nainital was Jim Corbett’s home for many years. Some of
the important places and tourist attractions in the
Nainital are Haldwani, Kaladhungi, Ramnagar, Bhowali,
Ramgarh, Mukteshwar, Bhimtal, Sattal and Naukuchiatal.
During winters, the hilly areas receives snowfall, while
in summers, the plains experiences the temperature of 45
degree Celsius. Nainital can be visited throughout the
year. The best time to visit Nainital is from April to
May and October to November. Various tourists visit
Nainital to explore its historical sites, wildlife
reserve, fruit orchards, sanctified spots and the
panoramic environment. Hindi, English and Kumaoni are
the main languages which are spoken here.
Attractions in Nainital
The main tourist attraction in Nainital is the Naini
Lake. The other tourist attractions in Nainital are the
Naina Peak, Snow View, High Altitude Zoo, Khurpatal,
Kilbury, Hanuman Garh, Land's End and State Observatory.
According to the Hindu mythology, the deep green Naini
lake is one of the emerald green eyes of Parvati,
Shiva’s wife. It is said that the modern Naina Devi
Temple at the northern end of the lake is the exact spot
where her eye is said to have fallen, after Vishnu
chopped up her body and scattered it all over the
countryside to stop Shiva’s cosmic dance of destruction.
Naina Peak is the highest peak and the most popular
picnic spot in Nainital. This peak is situated at a
height of 2610 meters, about 5.5 kms. from Nainital.
This peak offers a captivating view of the snow–clad
Himalayan ranges and the bird's eye view of Nainital on
a clear day.
How to reach Nainital
The nearest airport is located at Pantnagar. Pantnagar
airport is located about 71 km away and connected by air
The nearest railway station is located at Kathgodam,
about 35 kms. and connected to Lucknow, Agra, Delhi and
Nainital is well connected to Almora, Badrinath,
Bareilly, Dehradun, Delhi, Haridwar, Kausani and the
different parts of the country.