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About Belgaum

Belgaum is a city and a municipal corporation in Belgaum district in the Karnataka state of India. It is the fourth largest city in the state of Karnataka, after Bengaluru, Hubli-Dharwad, and Mysore. Belgaum is located at 15.87N 74.5E. It has an average altitude of 751 metres (2463 feet). The city is located in the northwestern parts of Karnataka and lies at the border of two states, Maharashtra and Goa on the western ghats (50 km from the Goa state border). It is one of the oldest towns in the state, lying at a distance of 502 km from Bangalore, 515 km from Hyderabad and 500 km from Mumbai.

Belgaum is situated about 2,500 ft (762 m) above sea level and is the headquarters of Belgaum district, which borders the states of Maharashtra and Goa. Belgaum is also the headquarters for the Belgaum division. The division comprises the districts of Bagalkot, Belgaum, Dharwad, Haveri, Bijapur, Uttara Kannada and Gadag. The Government of Karnataka has proposed making Belgaum the second capital of the State of Karnataka; a second state administrative building Suvarna Vidhana Soudhawas inaugurated on 11 October 2012.

Climate of Belgaum

Belgaum has a tropical climate. It is known for its pleasant year-round climate. Belgaum is at its coldest in winter (November - February temperatures dropping to 9 degrees Celsius; the minimum temperature in Karnataka state is usually recorded in Belgaum,and it experiences almost continuous monsoon rains from June till September. Belgaum sometimes receives hail storms during April.

City names

Belgaum is the anglicized form of venugram, from the Sanskrit Velugrama, for Venugrama, i.e., "Bamboo village" and belgav.Of late, the city has carved itself a new name as "Kunda nagari" because of its well-known sweet dish, Kunda, made with milk, sugar and spices. The city is also known as the "Sugar Bowl of Karnataka", and the district as the "Sugar District" because of the huge scope of its sugarcane cultivation and production facilities.

The name Belgaum had been intended to be changed to Belagaavi by the Karnataka government. However, the central government has not agreed to rename the city, as Belgaum is caught between Karnataka and Maharashtra in a border dispute. One of the centre's guidelines for renaming places is that the names should not hurt people's emotions, not have political overtones and not already be in use in any other state.

History of Belgaum

The Vadgoan and Madhavpur suburbs of Belgaum were significant urban centres between 400 BC and 300 AD. The present city was founded in the 12th century AD by the Ratta dynasty, who were based at nearby Saundatti. The fort of Belgaum was built in 1204 by a Ratta officer named Bichiraja. Belgaum served as the capital of that dynasty between 1210 and 1250, before the Rattas were defeated by the Yadava Dynasty of Devagiri. Belgaum then briefly came under the control of the Yadavas of Devagiri. The Khiljis of Delhi attack the region at the turn of the 14th century and succeeded in ruining both indigenous powers of the region, the Yadava and the Hoysalas, without providing a feasible administration. This lacuna was supplied by the Vijayanagara Empire, which had become the established power of the area by 1336. A century later, the town had become a busy trading hub for diamonds and wood, owing to its favourable geographic location in the kingdom.

In 1474, the Bahmani Sultanate, the ruler of Bidar, captured the fort of Belgaum. Soon afterwards, in 1518, the Bahamani sultanate split into five small states and Belgaum became part of the Adilshahi sultanate of Bijapur. The Adilshahis strengthend the fort of Belgaum; much of the existing structure dates from 1519. In 1686, the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb overthrew the Bijapur sultanate and Belgaum passed nominally to the Mughals. However, the Mughal empire went into decline after the death of Aurangzeb in 1707, and his principal detractors, the Maratha confederacy, took control of the area during the rule of the Peshwas ("prime ministers").

In 1776, the country was overrun by Hyder Ali of Mysore, but was retaken by the Peshwa with British assistance. In 1818, the British deposed the last Peshwa and capture his kingdom, which included Belgaum.Kitturu Chennamma (17781829) was the queen of the princely state of Kittur in Karnataka. In 1824, 33 years before the 1857 War of Independence in Murree, she led an armed revolt against the British in response to the Doctrine of lapse. The battle ended in her martyrdom and she is remembered today as one of the earliest Indian rulers to have fought for independence.

Belgaum was chosen as the venue of the 39th session of the Indian National Congress in December 1924 under the presidency of Mahatma Gandhiji. The city served as a major military setup for the British Raj, primarily due to its closeness to Goa, which was then a Portuguese territory. Once the British left India, the Indian government continued and still continues to have armed forces systems in Belgaum. In 1961, the Indian government, under Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, used forces from Belgaum to end Portuguese rule of Goa.

Belgaum and its district became part of Bombay State when India became independent in 1947. In 1956, the Indian states were reorganised along linguistic lines by the States Reorganisation Act and Belgaum District was transferred to Mysore State, which was renamed Karnataka in 1972.

In 2006, the Government of Karnataka declared that Belgaum would be made the state's second capital and that the city would be a permanent venue for the annual 15-day session of the state legislature.

Tourist Attractions in Belgaum

Yellur Gad
Yellur Gad is a popular location which is visible from a long distance ,it is on a hill surrounded by a circular wall,.

Jambiti is about 25 km to the south-west of Belgaum, it is a famous tourist spot with its evergreen hilltop forests.

Siddeshwar Temple
Siddeshwar Temple is situated in Kanabargi village. It is a well-known temple in a hill cave.

Hunshevari is the holy place of the "Shree Revan Siddeshwar Temple" which is located in the valleys of Kakati village about 7 kms from Belgaum city on the Pune-Bangalore national highway.

Belgaum Fort
Belgaum Fort dates back to 1519.Belgaum Fort is a huge construction in the center of the town..

Kamal Basati
Kamal Basati is a Jain temple which is situated within the walls of Belgaum fort.

Swami Vivekananand Smarak
Swami Vivekananand Smarak is a tourist place in Belgaum city at a very quiet location.

Vajrapoha Falls
Vajrapoha Falls are located about 26 km from Belgaum on the Mandovi river.

Places to visit around Belgaum

Amboli hill station
Amboli hill station is a little known coastal highland area which is about 70 km from Belgaum, it is popular during the monsoon season with its thick forests, curving misty ghats and shades of vibrant green.

Dudhsagar Water Falls
Dudhsagar Water Falls are located about 105 kms from Belgaum, is a scenic waterfall. The spot also provides various options for trekkers. The best time to visit is during or soon after the Monsoon.

Godchinamalaki Falls
It is a well-known tourist destination which is at a distance of about 60 km from Belgaum. The falls are about 100 metres in length, with a stepwise fall every 30 metres.

Sule bhavi Temple
Sule bhavi Temple is about 5 km away from Belgaum.

Gokak Falls
Gokak Falls is magnificent waterfall which is about 62 km from Belgaum and 6 km from Gokak town.

International Golf Course

It is located at Desur, 10 km from the city.

Culture of Belgaum

Belgaum enjoys rich cultural diversity curtailing from its closeness to the states of Goa and Maharashtra. The customs and traditions of Belgaum have been influenced by both the Marathi and Kannada cultures. Traditional dressing in rural Belgaum is similar to the attires of people in the Maharashtra; the men wear a turban with a long tailpiece at the rear and a dhoti (a sarong worn in a manner that allows easier movement) and the women wear saris. Both men and women have a strong preference for the Kolhapuri chappal, which are handcrafted in the villages near Ugar. However, in the city, the costumes are very much in tune with modern urban India.

Cuisine of Belgaum

Belgaum is famous for its cross culture food, ranging from the Bombay chaat to Chinese delicacies. Belgaum is also well-known for its "kunda" and "Kalakand". A special sweet called "Mandige" or "Maande" is a must during weddings.There are many kunda manufacturers in and around Belgaum. "Purohit Sweets", among others, has a good reputation.

How to Reach Belgaum

By Rail
Belgaum is located on the main Indian Railways network which is now become a part of south western division. This beautiful destination is well linked by rail to other major destinations such as Mumbai, Hyderabad, Pune, Bangalore, New Delhi Mysore, Mangalore, Goa, and Chennai. Belgaum railway station is considered as the oldest railway station in this region.

By Road
Belgaum is linked by road through the National Highways 4 which basically connects Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. NH4A connects Karnataka and Goa. Travelers can easily get numbers of KRTC run buses which link Karnataka with various other neighboring states. There is wide range of well-known private buses also which serve all major destinations in Karnataka and nearby states. Like buses from Belgaum to Mangalore, Goa, Bangalore etc.

By Air
The airport serving the city of Belgaum is at Sambra which is located about 10 kms from the city on the SH20.



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