Jharkhand, Jharkhand Wildlife, Jharkhand Tour
Palamau National Park
Information about Palamau or Betla National Park

Palamau, also known as Betla National Park is situated about 120 kms. west of Ranchi in Palamau. Palamau was once the seat of the Ghero kings and has a fort deep inside the forest. It is a charming forested hill station with waterfalls and hot springs. Palamau is situated within the Indo-Malayan realm and is rich in flora and fauna, though the area is prone to severe droughts. This national park is the second major national park in Jharkhand and situated in the western part of the Chotanagpur plateau. In 1974, the park was declared as a Project Tiger Reserve. It is among the first nine Tiger Reserves of the country. 

Betla National Park, Jharkhand

The core area of the park was declared as a National Park in September 1989. The Betla National Park covers an area of about 930 square kms of dry and moist deciduous forests. Sal and Bamboo trees are found in large numbers in the park. The recently prepared Herbarium by the Tiger Reserve Authorities records a good number of medicinal plants.

Wildlife Attractions in Palamau National Park

There are about 39 species of mammals, 8 species of snakes, 4 types of lizards, 6 types of fishes, 21 types of insects and 170 species of birds in the Betla National Park. The national park has a large variety of wildlife like tiger, elephant, leopard, bison, sambhar, wild boar, python, hyena, spotted deer (cheetal), chinkara, rabbit, fox, common langur, wild dog, nilgai, porcupine, hare, wild cat, jackal, Malabar giant squirrel, mongoose, wolf, antelope, etc. There is a rich variety of birdlife in the park as well. Peafowl, Red Jungle Fowl and Partridges are the common birds which are found here.

Best time to visit Palamau National Park

The best time to visit the park is between February and April. The region experiences extreme weather conditions with the maximum temperature rising to 40C in summers. The winters are also quite severe with the minimum temperature dropping to as low as 3C. The tourists should carry light cotton clothes during the summers and heavy woolens during the winters.

Wildlife Viewing in the Palamau National Park

The tourists can drive through patches of dense forests of Sal and Bamboo in the park. The guide and a jeep can be hired from the forest department. The core region of the forest is not open to tourists. There are tree top towers, watch towers and ground level hideouts to view the wildlife.

Other Attractions

Besides viewing birds and animals, the tourists can have a look at the two large forts in the forest. It is believed that the Adivasi kings of the Chero dynasty have built these forts. Raja Medhni Raj, the ruler of Chotanagpur started the construction of the fort but his son Pratap Raj completed the fort. The fort had defenses in three directions and three main gates. The largest gate was known as Singh Dwar or the Lion Gate. The Nagpuri Gate has two inscriptions in Sanskrit and Persian and the style of architecture is Islamic.

How To Reach

By Air:
The nearest airport is located in Ranchi, which is situated at a distance of 120 km. 

By Rail:
The nearest railway station is located at Daltongunj. The station is well connected with many places of the nearby region with regular trains. 

By Road:
The sanctuary is easily accessible by road and well connected to other cities of the region by surface network.


States in East India
Bihar || Jharkhand || Orissa || Sikkim || West Bengal

Information about Jharkhand
Introduction || History || Geography || People || Religion || Economy || Wildlife Sanctuaries

Cities in Jharkhand
Hazaribagh || Jamshedpur || Ranchi

Distances from Cities in Jharkhand
Dhanbad || Jamshedpur || Purulia || Ranchi || Raurkela

Wildlife Sanctuaries in Jharkhand
Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary || Palamau National Park


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