Sikkim, Sikkim Tourism, Sikkim Information



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Sikkim Physical Features

Sikkim Feature

Mountain Passes
Hot Springs

Places to Visit in Sikkim

Sikkim Places

Tibetology Inst.
Phurba Chorten
The Ridge
Ganesh Tok
Tashi View Point
Changu Lake
Kechopari Lake

Sikkim Hotels, Hotels in Sikkim

Sikkim Hotels
New Elgin
Himalayan Heights
Newa Regency
Hotel Tibet
Hotel Nor Khill
Norbu Ghang
Silver Oaks
Cedar Inn

Sikkim Tours, Sikkim Travel

Sikkim Tours
Best of Sikkim
Sikkim Tour
Sikkim Triangle
Sikkim Wildlife
Sikkim Intensive
Sikkim Trekking

Sikkim Tours, Sikkim Travel

Saga Dawa
Drupka Teshi
Phang Lhabsol
Kalchakra Puja
Kagyed Dance

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About Sikkim

Sikkim is the India's twenty second smallest state located in the north eastern part of India. Sikkim is spread over an area of 7096 square kms and is known for the beautiful scenic beauty. Bhutias, Lepchas and Nepalis are the different types of people that resides in Sikkim. The customs and cultures of these different communities present a very beautiful and picturesque picture. The Nepalis called this state as 'Sukhim' or the New Place, the Bhutias called it as the 'Demazong' or the Valley of rice and the Lepchas called it as the 'Nye-mae-el lang’ or the abode of the Gods. This state is bordered by the Nepal in the west, Bhutan in the east, Tibet in the north and West Bengal in the south. This state is divided into four districts which are North, South, West and East district. Gangtok, the capital of Sikkim is located in the East District. Most of the population of Sikkim lives in the East and South Districts. A large variety of plants, animals, rivers, mountains, lakes, waterfalls are found in the state of Sikkim than any other place in this world. The mountain peaks, holy lakes, ancient monasteries, orchid nurseries and stunning trekking routes have made Sikkim a famous holiday destination.

Physical Features

Sikkim has a very rough topography due to which there are very less flat lands in Sikkim. The rivers and mountains are the main phsical features that define the boundaries of the state of Sikkim with its neighbouring countries. Besides the rivers and mountains, the glaciers, mountain passes, lakes, hot springs and waterfalls are also found in this region. The Kanchenjunga mountain, one of the highest mountain peak in the world is also situated in Sikkim. The Yumthang hot springs are the famous hot springs located in Sikkim. These hot springs are rich in sulphur content and have high medicinal value. Gurudogmar, Cholamu, Changu, Bidang Cho, Menmecho, Kechopari are some of the lakes which are also found in Sikkim.

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Sikkim History

The glorious history of Sikkim can be known only after the 17th century. Phunstok, the great grand son of Guru Tashi was consecrated as the King of Sikkim in 1642 by three holy men at Yoksum. The kingdom of Sikkim was attacked by the Bhutanese and Nepalis, which further led to the Chinese intervention. Tsudphud Namgyal who became king in 1793 shifted his capital to Tumlong. The Britishers also signed a treaty in Sikkim inorder to control the internal and external affairs of Sikkim. Thutob Namgyal also shifted the capital to Gangtok in 1894. On 4th September 1974, the leader of Sikkim Congress Kazi Lendup Dorji was elected as the Chief Minister of the state. On 16th May 1975, Sikkim became a full fledged state of India.

Climate of Sikkim

The tropical and tundra climate is found in Sikkim. Some of the parts in the northern, eastern and western borders of Sikkim are covered with snow almost throughout the year because of high altitudes. The climate on the two opposite hill sides also varies considerably. Here one can also experience the sunshine on the flat Llllllachen valley studded with the beautiful Cholamu and Gurudogmar lake and a hailstorm on the other side in the Llachung valley with its muddy lakes that feed the Donkiaachu. The places in Sikkim with a moderate altitude have a more or less good climate. During the springs and autumn the weather is very pleasant. During the monsoons, there are torrential rains and winters are very cold where the temperature even drops below the freezing point. Due to the moderate to low temperatures, woolens are required in Sikkim almost throughout the year.

Places in Sikkim
Gangtok, Sikkim

One can visit the various places in Sikkim for the holiday and various other purposes. One of such place in Sikkim is Gangtok. Gangtok is the capital and cosmopolitan city in Sikkim. There are various places of sightseeing in Gangtok like the Research Institute of Tibetology, Phurba-Chorten, Himalayan Zoological Park, Government Institute of Cottage Industries, Enchey monastery, Rumtek monastery, Yumthang Hot Spring and Kechopari Lake. The Research Institute of Tibetology is an example of Tibetan architecture and has a well stocked library.

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Monasteries of Sikkim

The famous monasteries in Sikkim are the Tsuk-La-Khang Monastery, Enchey Monastery, Rumtek Monastery, Phodong Monastery, Pemayanste Monastery and Tashiding Monastery. Tsuk-La-Khang Monastery is a two storied monastery and was used during royal functions like weddings and coronations. The Enchey monastery is located in a dense wood and one can see the Kanchendzonga range over the crown of trees. Another monastery is the Rumtek monastery.

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Monasteries in Sikkim

Fair & Festival in Sikkim
Sikkim Festival, Festivals in Sikkim

The fairs and festivals in Sikkim are celebrated according to Buddhist calendar. During these festivals the people of Sikkim perform colorful dance and music. Chaam is one of the most interesting form of ritual dance of the Lamas, which feature colorful masks and charming musical instruments and are held at various monasteries during the festivals. Costumed Lamas with gaily painted masks, ceremonial swords and sparkling jewels, leap and swing to the rhythm of drums, horns and music. Some of the festivals which are celebrated in Sikkim are Losoong, Bhumchu, Saga Dawa and Pang Lhabsol, etc.

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People of Sikkim

The culture, religion, customs and traditions of different communities of people living in Sikkim constitute a homogeneous blend. These three communities of people are the Lepchas, Bhutias and Nepalis. In urban areas many plainsmen have also settled which are engaged in business and Government service. The Lepchas were the original inhabitants of Sikkim before the Bhutias and Nepalis. Today, the Nepalis constitute more than 80 % of the total population of Sikkim.

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Sikkim People, People of Sikkim

Flora and Fauna in Sikkim

Flora in Sikkim

The land of Sikkim is covered by a wide range of flora (plants) and fauna (animals) as nowhere else in the world. More than 4000 species of plants are found in Sikkim like bamboos, ferns, wild cherry, oaks, chestnuts, pines and white magnolia. About 35 species of rhododendrons and 600 species of orchids grow in temperate and alpine regions of Sikkim. These rhododendrons flowers in the month of May to August. About 400 varieties of butterflies and moths and 550 species of birds are also found in Sikkim. The most commonly found animal in Sikkim is yak. The musk deer, Barking Deer, Red Panda, snow leopard, blue sheep, flying squirrels and tahrs are some other animals which are also found in Sikkim.

Wildlife Sanctuaries in Sikkim

The Sikkim government established various national parks and sanctuaries in order to protect the rich flora and fauna of Sikkim from the hunters. Some of the famous national parks and wildlife sanctuaries are the Khangchendzonga National Park, Famlong Lhe Wildlife sanctuary, Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary, Singba Rhododendron sanctuary, Kyongnosla Alpine sanctuary and Varsey Sholodendron sanctuary. The Khangchendzonga National Park is the largest national park in Sikkim which covers an area covering 1784 sq km.

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Wildlife Sanctuaries in Sikkim

Trekking in Sikkim

Trekking in Sikkim

Sikkim offers a number of fascinating trekking routes to the people. The best time to trek is between mid of February to May and from October to December but the foreigners have to obtain permits for trekking on most of the routes in Sikkim. The trekking routes pass through beautiful gompas, colourful hamlets and forests. Yuksom is an ideal starting point of trekking.
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How to reach Sikkim

Sikkim is fairly well connected with the rest of the country by road and by rail through Siliguri and by air through Bagdogra in West Bengal. Gangtok is about 115 kms. from Siliguri, a very pleasant drive of about three and a half hours. Siliguri has two railway stations. Siliguri is the meter gauge station and New Jalpaiguri is the broad gauge railway station.

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