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About Bangladesh

Bangladesh is a country in South Asia which is located on the fertile Bengal delta. It is bordered by the Republic of India to its north, west and east, by the Union of Myanmar (Burma) to its south-east and by the Bay of Bengal to its south. It is separated from the Democratic Republic of Nepal and the Kingdom of Bhutan by the narrow Indian Siliguri Corridor. It makes up the ethno-linguistic region of Bengal together with the neighbouring Indian state of West Bengal. The name Bangladesh means "Country of Bengal" in the official Bengali language.

Bangladesh is the world's eighth most populous country with a population of more than 160 million people in a territory of 56,977 sq mi, as well as one of the world's most densely populated countries. The Bengalis form the country's major ethnic group, whereas the indigenous peoples in northern and southeastern districts form a significant and diverse ethnic minority. The Bengal delta region has a rich and diverse cultural heritage. The four largest religions in the country are Islam (89%), Hinduism (9%), Buddhism (1%) and Christianity (0.5%).

Bangladesh is a pioneer and founding member of SAARC. It is the world’s largest contributor to United Nations peacekeeping operations. It is a founding member of the Developing 8 Countries and BIMSTEC and a member of the Commonwealth, the OIC, the NAM and the G-77.

Festivals of Bangladesh

The Muslim holidays of Eid ul-Fitr and Eid ul-Adha, the Bengali New Year, Independence day, and Durga Puja by the significant Hindu community of Bangladesh, are the most prevalent celebrations in the country.

Other major Hindu festivals are Krishna Janmashtami, Saraswati Puja, and Kali Puja; alongside the Buddhist festival of Buddha Purnima, which marks the birth of Gautama Buddha, and Christmas, called Borodin ("Great day"), are all national holidays(except Saraswati and Kali Puja)

Pohela Boishakh, the Bengali new year, is the major festival of Bengali culture and sees widespread festivities. Pohela Boishakh is about celebrating the simpler, rural roots of the Bengal. Other cultural festivals include Nabonno, and Poush porbon (festival of Poush), both Bengali harvest festivals.

Alongside these are national days like the remembrance of 21 February 1952 Language Movement Day (International Mother Language Day), Independence Day and Victory Day. On Language Movement Day, people congregate at the Shaheed Minar in Dhaka to remember the national heroes of the Bengali Language Movement, and at the Jatiyo Smriti Soudho on Independence Day and Victory Day to remember the national heroes of the Bangladesh Liberation War. These occasions are watched with public ceremonies, parades, rallies by citizens, political speeches, fairs, concerts, and various other public and private events celebrating the history and traditions of Bangladesh.

Tourist Attractions in Bangladesh

Ethnological Museum of Chittagong
The Ethnological Museum was founded in 1965 and the museum opened to the public in 1974. The Ethnological Museum of Chittagong is the only ethnological museum in Bangladesh and it is situated in Agrabad, Chittagong. The Museum contains exhibits featuring the history of Bangladesh's tribal people. Two rooms were added to the museum during 1985-1995. In 1996, a gallery with folk articles of Bangla speaking people was added.

Foy's Lake
Foy's Lake is next to Batali Hill, the highest hill in Chittagong Metropolitan area. Foy's Lake is a human-made lake in Chittagong, Bangladesh. The lake was once just a lake and spillway which was founded by Assam-Bengal Railway engineer. It was dug in 1924 and was named after the English engineer Mr. Foy. An amusement park, managed by the Concord Group, is situated here.

Taj Mahal Bangladesh
Taj Mahal Bangladesh is a Bangladeshi artictecture inspired from original Taj Mahal.

Heritage Park
There is a heritage park called Shaheed Zia Memorial Complex and Mini Bangladesh at Chandgaon which reveals the most prominent structures and instances of Bangladesh. This 71-metre tower in Mini Bangladesh in Chittagong has a restaurant on the top that rotates once every 90 minutes. One can perceive of the country's architectural beauty, ethnic traditions and archaeological inheritance through having a glimpse of the heritage park.The park also has different rides for children.

Shaheed Minar
The Shaheed Minar is a national monument in Dhaka, Bangladesh which was founded to honor those who were killed during the Bengali Language Movement demonstrations of 1952.

Jaflong is a natural tourist spot in the Division of Sylhet, Bangladesh. Jaflong is famous for its stone collections and is home of the Khasi tribe.
It is situated in Gowainghat Upazila of Sylhet District and is located at the border between Bangladesh and the Indian state of Meghalaya. It is just below the mountain range.

Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban Parliamentary Building of Bangladesh
It is situated in Dhaka. It was founded by architect Louis Kahn and it is one of the largest legislative complexes in the world. It houses all parliamentary activities of Bangladesh.

Varendra Research Museum
Varendra Museum is a museum, research center and popular visitor attraction which is situated at the heart of Rajshahi town and maintained by Rajshahi University in Bangladesh.

Bangladesh National Museum
Bangladesh National Museum is the biggest museum in Bangladesh, it is located in the suburb of Shahbag, in the city of Dhaka. It has a collection of over eighty five thousand pieces. The four-storey building is home not only to large display halls, but to a conservatory laboratory, library, three auditoriums, photographic gallery, temporary exhibition hall, and an audio-visual division.

Lalbagh Fort
Lalbagh Fort is an incomplete 17th century Mughal fort complex in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Patenga beach
A tourist attraction near Patenga beach is the Butterfly Park.

Religious Places of Bangladesh

Dhakeshwari Temple
Dhakeshwari Temple was founded in the twelfth century. It is a a hindu temple.

Mosque City of Bagerhat
Mosque City of Bagerhat is a formerly lost city which is situated in the suburbs of Bagerhat city in Bagerhat District, in the Khulna Division. The historic city, listed by Forbes as one of the 15 lost cities of the world, has more than 50 Islamic monuments.

Baitul Mukarram
Baitul Mukarram is the national mosque of Bangladesh. Baitul Mukarram is situated at the center of Dhaka, the mosque was completed in 1968. The mosque has a capacity of 30,000, and it is world's tenth largest mosque.

Kantojiu Temple
Kantojiu Temple was founded between 1702 and 1752, a nava-ratna (nine-spired) style hindu temple.

Sixty Dome Mosque
Sixty Dome Mosque is a mosque in Bangladesh .It has been described as "the most impressive Muslim monuments in the whole of the Indian subcontinent."

Ancient ruins of Bangladesh

Mainamati is a remote ridge of low hills in the eastern margins of deltaic Bangladesh which is about 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) to the west of Comilla town. A landmark of ancient history, it represents a small mass of quasi-lateritic old alluvium. The ridge, set in the vast area of the fertile lower Meghna basin, extends for about 17 kilometres (11 mi) north-south from Mainamati village on the Gumti River to Chandi Mura near the Lalmai railway station.

Somapura Mahavihara
Somapura Mahavihara is a Buddhist monastery which is located in the Rajshahi District in the north of Bangladesh. It Covers almost 27 acres of land, Somapura Mahavira it is one of the largest monasteries south of the Himalayas. The design is considered to be greatly influenced by Buddhist architecture found in Java and Cambodia.

Beaches of Bangladesh

Kuakata sea beach

Kuakata is a panaromic sea beach on the southernmost tip of
Bangladesh.It is situated in the Patuakhali district, Kuakata has a wide sandy beach from where one can see both the sunrise and sunset. It is about 320 Kilometres south of Dhaka, the capital, and about 70 Kilometres from the district headquarters. The Kuakata beach is 30 km long and 6 km wide. On 13 September 2007 government had announced a red alert in Kuakata as caution for a possible Tsunami.

Patenga sea beach
Patenga is a sea beach which is located about 14 kilometres south of the port city of Chittagong, Bangladesh. It is near the mouth of the Karnaphuli River.

Islands of Bangladesh
The islands of Bangladesh are scattered along the Bay of Bengal and the river mouth of the Padma. There are more than 30 islands in Bangladesh. Some famous tourist attractions are:

St. Martin's Island
St. Martin's Island is a small island in the northeastern part of the Bay of Bengal which is about 9 km south of the tip of the Cox's Bazar-Teknaf peninsula, and forming the southernmost part of Bangladesh. There is a small adjoining island that is separated at high tide, called Chhera island. It is about 8 km west of the northwest coast of Myanmar, at the mouth of the Naf River.. It is the only coral island in Bangladesh.

Chhera Island
St. Martin Chhera island also called Cheradia Island or Cheridia Island, is an extension of St. Martin's Island but divided by sea during tides. During low tide period, the Chhera island can be reached by walking for about two and a half hours from St. Martin's Island. Most popular medium is by local motorboat or tourist boat. Corals can be found all over the island. Island's has a beautiful small bush area which is also the only green region of it. No permanent settlement is established except for tourists.

Sonadia Island, Chittagong
Sonadia Island is a small island of about 9 km2 offshore of the Cox's Bazaar coast in Chittagong Division, Bangladesh.

Bhola Island
Bhola Island is the largest island of Bangladesh with an area of 1441 km˛. It is located at the mouth of the Meghna River. It is a district under Barisal Division. There are ferry services from Maju Chowdhury Ghat, Lakshmipur Districtand from Barisal town.In 1995, half of the island became flooded, leaving 500,000 people homeless.
Manpura Island
Manpura Island is an island in the northern Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh, at the mouth of the Meghna river. The island has an area of 373 km2.

Sandwip Island, Chittagong
Sandwip is an island along the south eastern coast of Bangladesh in the Chittagong District. It is part of the sub-district of Sandwip Upazila.

Cities of Bangladesh

Barisal is the Southern city which is well-known for Paddy growing and many rivers, best reached by a slow-paced and relaxing boat ride on the Rocket Steamer.

Khulna is situated on the Rupsha River, famous for shrimp and a starting point for journeys into the Sundarbans.

Jessore is a bustling district town, and convenient transit point to or from Kolkata, well-known for Gur, a form of cake-like molasses produced from the extract of the date tree.

Mymensingh is a historic city which is situated by the side of river Brahmaputa,it  has got a rich cultural and political history dating back to more than 200 years.

Sylhet is the largest city in the northeast, it is famous for the temple of Sufi saint Hazrat Shahjalal, one of the holiest sites in the country.

Rangpur is a significant city in the north-west, with agriculture and trade.

Dhaka is the hectic capital city, an intense and thriving metropolis of some 12 million people that's growing by the day

Chittagong is a bustling commercial center and the largest international seaport in the country.

Rajshahi is the silk city.

Flora and fauna

A main part of the coastline is marshy jungle, the Sundarbans, the largest mangrove forest in the world and home to varied flora and fauna, including the Royal Bengal Tiger. In 1997, this region was declared endangered. The national flower of the country is white-flowered water lily, which is known as Shapla. The national fruit is jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus), which in Bengali is known as Kathal. The Magpie Robin is the National Bird of Bangladesh and it is common and known as the Doyel or Doel . It is a widely used symbol in Bangladesh, appearing on currency notes and a sign in the city of Dhaka is named as the Doyel Chatwar (meaning: Doyel Square). In late 2010, the Bangladeshi government selected the Mango tree as the national tree.

Architecture of Bangladesh

The architecture of Bangladesh bears a extraordinary impact on the tradition, lifestyle and cultural life of Bangladeshi people.Bangladesh has attractive architecture from historic treasures to modern landmarks.The architecture of Bangladesh has a long history and is rooted in Bangladesh's culture, history and religion. It has evolved over centuries and assimilated influences from social, religious and exotic communities. Bangladesh has many architectural artifacts and monuments dating back thousands of years.

History of Bangladesh

Bangladesh is now a part of the historic region of Bengal, the northeast portion of the Indian subcontinent. Bangladesh consists mainly of East Bengal (West Bengal is part of India and its people are primarily Hindu) plus the Sylhet district of the Indian state of Assam.

The initial reference to the region was to a kingdom called Vanga, or Banga. Buddhists ruled for centuries, but by the 10th century Bengal was primarily Hindu. In 1576, Bengal became part of the Mogul Empire, and bulk of East Bengalis converted to Islam. Bengal was ruled by British India from 1757 until Britain withdrew in 1947, and Pakistan was founded out of the two predominantly Muslim regions of the Indian subcontinent. For almost 25 years after independence from Britain, its history was part of Pakistan's .

West Pakistan and East Pakistan were united by religion (Islam), but their peoples were separated by culture, physical features, and 1,000 miles of Indian territory.

Dress of Bangladesh

The Sari is by far the most widely worn dress by Bangladeshi women. A union of weavers in Dhaka is renowned for producing saris from superb Jamdani muslin. The salwar kameez is also quite famous, particularly among the younger females, and in urban areas some women wear western clothes. Western clothing is more widely adopted among men. Men also wear thekurta-paejama combination, often on special occasions, and the lungi, a kind of long skirt for men.

Geography of Bangladesh

Bangladesh, on the northern coast of the Bay of Bengal, is enclosed by India, with a small common border with Myanmar in the southeast. The country is low-lying riverine land passed through by the many branches and tributaries of the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers. Tropical monsoons and frequent floods and cyclones inflict heavy damage in the delta region.

How to Reach Bangladesh

By Rail
There are no direct trains that can get you to Bangladesh from any neighbouring country. However, the border is accessible from West Bengal and Assam (India) by train and then cycle rickshaws and buses provide the cross border connections.

By Road
You can drive into Bangladesh from India from two points on the border – Benapol (from Calcutta) and Chilihati (from Darjeeling). These are the only two entry points on the India-Bangladesh border open at the moment. The roads are, however, best avoided during the monsoons (rainy season). The entry from Myanmar is no longer open.

By Air
Bangladesh can be reached by air from any part of the world. You can take a direct flight into Dhaka, the capital city, from 27 major cities in the world. In addition the national carrier, several international airlines also fly in and out of the country. The national airport is at Dhaka, 20km from the city. You can rent a car, take a cab or bus to get you to the city.

By Sea
The main seaport is Chittagong. Ferries from Myanmar and India connect to the southern coastal ports of Bangladesh.



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