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About Bodnath

Bodnath (also called Boudha, Bouddhanath or Baudhanath or the Khāsa Caitya) is one of the holiest Buddhist sites in Kathmandu, Nepal. It is known as Khāsti in Nepal Bhasa, Jyarung Khasyor in Tamang language or as Bauddha by speakers of Nepali.

The Buddhist stupa of Boudhanath dominates the skyline. The ancient Stupa is one of the largest in the world. The influx of large populations of refugees from Tibet has seen the construction of over 50 Tibetan Gompas (Monasteries) around Boudhanath. As of 1979, Boudhanath is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Along with Swayambhunath, it is one of the most famous tourist sites in the Kathmandu area.

Bodnath is situated about 11 km (6.8 mi) from the center and northeastern outskirts of Kathmandu, the stupa's massive mandala makes it one of the largest spherical stupas in Nepal.

Buddhist stupa of Bodnath, its big, rounded, white base crowned with a tower and pyramid on which Buddha's all-seeing eyes are painted. Strings of prayer flags fluttered over us as we walked clockwise around the temple among busy pilgrims, the air resounding with bells, horns and chanting.

History of Bodnath

The Gopalarajavamsavali says Boudhhanath was constructed by the Nepalese Licchavi king Śivadeva (c. 590-604 CE); though other Nepalese records date it to the reign of King Manadeva (464-505 CE).Tibetan sources claim a mound on the site was excavated in the late 15th or early 16th century and the bones of king Amshuvarma 605-621 were ascertained there. However, the Tibetan emperor, Trisong Detsän (r. 755 to 797) is also usually linked with the construction of the Boudhanath Stupa.Yolmo Ngagchang Sakya Zangpo from Helambu resurrected Boudhanath.

Legend of the Construction of the Stupa according to Tibetan Buddhist Mythology

"The village that encloses the great Kaoyapa tower is usually known by the name of Boddha which in Tibetan is called Yambu Chorten Chenpo. Yambu is the common name by which Kathmandu is known in Tibet; and Chorten Chenpo means great tower. The real name of the tower in full is, however, Ja Rung Kashol Chorten Chenpo, which may be translated into: "Have finished giving the order to proceed with." The tower has an interesting history of its own which explains this strange name. It is said in this history that Kasyapa was a Buddha that lived a long time before Shakyamuni Buddha. after Kasyapa Buddha's failure, a certain old woman, with her four sons, interred this great sage's remains at the spot over which the great mound now stands, the latter having been founded by the woman herself. Before starting on the work of construction, she appealed the King of the time, and obtained permission to "proceed with" building a tower. By the time that, as a result of great sacrifices on the part of the woman and her four sons, the groundwork of the structure had beencompleted, those who saw it were amazed at the prominence of the scale on which it was undertaken. This was especially the case with the high officials of the country, who all said that if such a poor old dame were allowed to complete building such a fantastic tower, they themselves would have to devoted a temple as great as a mountain, and so they decided to ask the King to disallow the further progress of the work. When the King was approached on the matter his splendor replied: "I have finished giving the order to the woman to proceed with the work. Kings must not eat their words, and I cannot undo my orders now." So the tower was allowed to be finished, and hence its unique name, "Ja Rung Kashol Chorten Chenpo."


The Stupa is on the ancient trade route from Tibet which enters the Kathmandu Valley by the village of Sankhu in the northeast corner, passes by Boudnath Stupa to the ancient and smaller stupa of Cā-bahī (often called 'Little Boudnath'). It then turns directly south, heading over the Bagmati river to Patan thus bypassing the main city of Kathmandu (which was a later foundation).Tibetan merchants have relaxed and offered prayers here for many centuries. When refugees entered Nepal from Tibet in the 1950s, many decided to live around Bouddhanath. The Stupa is said to entomb the remains of Kassapa Buddha. Bouddhanath stupa is the most liked sightseeing place in Kathmandu.


An Apsara of previous life, Jajima was born in a very ordinary family of the earth after the reduction of her religious merit from the heaven. She had four husbands. She gave the birth of four sons from each of her husband. Tajebu was born from horse trader, Phajebu from pig trader, khijebu from dog trader and Jyajebu from poultry business man. They had most religious ability, so they decided to construct the largest chhorten (stupa). The land, necessary for the construction of stupa was made available by Majyamija. The constructions of stupa were started in a speed. The construction materials like soil, bricks and stones were carried on elephants, horses, donkeys etc. Majyamija died after the construction of almost four stories of stupa after four years. And after the three years of ceaseless efforts, the sons constructed The Baudha stupa. It took almost seven years to complete the construction of the stupa. It is believed that thousands of Buddhas and heavenely Deities in-carvneted as Lama in the Bauddha stupa.



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