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Chandrabhaga River
About Chandrabhaga River

Chandrabhaga is one of the important rivers in Amravati district of Maharashtra. It forms a part of Tapti-Purna river system as a tributary of Purna.

The main stream of the river rises just down the Vairat plateau in the Chikhaldarahills and takes an eastward course draining the south slopes of Chikhaldara and Gawilgarh plateaus. There is a dam on the river as it comes out of the valley. The river takes a more southward turn from the dam and passes through the town of Daryapur before it meets with river Purna on the border of Amravati and Akola districts. Bhuleshwari is the main tributary of Chandrabhaga that meets it just before Daryapur. Bichan and Sapan rivers flowing through Paratwada and Achalpur are other affluent streams. This Chandrabhaga river is different from the Bhima river, which is popularly called as Chandrabhaga at Pandharpur.

Chandra and Bhaga River

The River Chandra is one of the two rivers which merge to form the Chenab in the Lahaul region of Himachal Pradesh. It rises in the snows lying at the base of the main Himalayan range in the Lahaul and Spiti district. The beautiful Chandra Tal lake has formed at its source. It flows for a extensive distance along the base of this range in a southeasterly direction before turning completely and taking a southwesterly course in the Spiti Valley. It flows on to merge with the Bhaga River downstream of Keylong.

The upper and middle catchments of this river are made up of a topography that has been carved out by glacial action. The whole area is a vast cold desert that receives little or no rain as it lies in the rain-shadow of the Pir Panjal range lying towards the south. Many small snow-fed tributaries join the Chandra at different places.

Describing its course, Harcourt (1871) states, "the river Chandra passes through a totally unproductive land where there are no signs of life, the solemn mountains fully clad in undying snow lying on its either flanks. No villages adorn its banks, no attempts at cultivation, no human life is met with and nothing greets the eye but the never ending tedious cliffs, which are lapped by the violent stream as it rushes in wild fury against its banks". Koksar is the only important human settlement along this river.

The Chandra river originates from a huge snow, bed on the south-eastern side of the Baralacha la and assumes a large size very soon. During the summer, it becomes unaffordable within a short distance, about two kilometers of its source, while the rocky bed, the icy temperature of the water and the swiftness of the current deter the boldest swimmer. Looking down the valley from the pass, a view of grand peaks and glaciers, on the right hand side, falling suddenly to the water's edge makes a memorable impression on the visitor. On the left hand, the slopes are bare the feet of which remain continuously covered under heavy mass of fragments falling from above.

Lower down, the Chandra Tal, a kilometre long and a half wide, lies in a broad lush plain, the lake is placed between a low ridge and the main Kunzam Range with an outlet into the river. Throughout its course the river is fed by a number of glaciers the biggest being the Shigri on its left bank, and the Samundari on the right. The main tributaries of the Chandra below Shigri lie on the right bank and they originate from the Sonapani glacier opposite Khoksar and the Sissue glacier. The left bank is steep and bare, but there is good grazing ground on the right bank beyond Khoksar. There are several villages on the right bank as far as Sissue, and from Sissue the valley becomes richer and cultivable down to Gondhla. The villages grow larger as Gondhla is approached, and the houses are seen to be better built, enclosed by groves of poplar and willow. The northern mountains take gentler slope, but on the south, opposite Gondhla, the whole mountain side, from the peaks over 6,090 metres to the river bed below. 3050 metres, is visible. Glaciers and snowfields overhanging rocky steeps combine into grassy slopes below. At one point the cliffs descend for some 1,210 metres and form the grandest precipices in the world.

Bhaga river joins Chandra river in Tandi to form Chandrabhaga and later Chenab which is one of the fastest flowing rivers of India. It originates near Baralacha la at around 16000 feet above sea level. From its source to its convergence with the Bhaga at Tandi, the Chandra registers a fall of about 12.5 metres per kilometre.

Chandra River & Bhaga River Confluence (Sangam)

Chandra flows in from south east and Bhaga flows in from north east. The combined river is called Chandrabhaga and it flows to North west. Chndrabhaga in its lower reaches is called Chenab which is a major tributary of Indus River (Sindhu Nadi).

Chandrabhaga is borne out of love. It is said that the daughter of the moon ‘Chandra’ and the son of the Sun ‘Bhaga’ fell in love and decided to take a long walk circumambulating the holy mountains of ‘Lahaul’. After many a meandering course they fell into an undying embrace in their togetherness at ‘Tandi’ to give rise to ‘Chandrabhaga’.

As Chandrabhaga enters the plains of India in the land of five rivers namely Punjab, is known as ‘Chenab’. These five rivers are ‘Sutlej’, ‘Ravi’ ‘Jhelum’, ‘Chenab’, and ‘Beas’, all these finally join Indus in their journey towards the sea. The ‘Chenab’ out of these is the one, the banks of which are said to have encouraged the everlasting love stories of ‘Punjab’ namely, ‘Sasi-Punnun’, ‘Sahiba-Mirza’, ‘Sohni-Mahiwal’ and‘Heer-Ranjha’,. Some people even say that the waters of Chenab have a slight reddish touch brought about by the blood of eternal lovers. In legend and also in realty ‘Chandrabhaga’ continues to inspire lovers on its banks and around its portals.


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