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About Dimapur

Dimapur is the largest city in Nagaland, India. In the Middle Ages, it was the capital of the Dimasa Kachari rulers. In the heart of the town there is an old historical object of the Dimasa Kachari Kingdom which speaks about the once wealthy era. Dimapur is the 115 th most crowded city in the country. It is located at 25°54′45″N 93°44′30″E and is surrounded by Kohima district on the south and east, Karbi Anglong district of Assam on the west, the Karbi Anglong and stretch of Golaghat District of Assam, in the west and the north. Dimapur city also has the only functional airport in the state. Dimapur contains ruins of temples, reservoirs and other monuments of which the most prominent are their monumental structures. The monoliths represent the complex customs of the sect of fertility. The wonderfully executed entrances to these monuments is in perfect condition even now. Blocks of stone and brick pieces with various patterns that lie scattered, still disclose the creativity. The North East Zone Cultural Center, which is about 3 km from the Dimapur railway station has a small well-preserved museum showcasing the cultural heritage of the Northeast. Market of Dimapur city are famous for imported goods from China , Burma and Thailand. On the outskirts lies Chumukedima from where one can take a short trek up the hill to the Naga Tourist Village and the Patkai Triple Falls. The North East- Zonal Cultural Center, the center for all cultural activities, is a kilometre away from Dimapur Airport. 

Dimapur is the commercial center of Nagaland and it is one of the major district which derives its name from the Dimasa Kachari dialect, -'DIMA' means - great River, and pur means city, altogether it means 'City of Great River'. It is the gateway to Nagaland which has the only railhead and also has the only functional airport that operates flights to Kolkata and Guwahati. It is a vital trade and commercial centre which has a quite cosmopolitan look.. The town of Medziphema, Kuhuboto, enclosed by villages like Sakipheto, Alato, Aoyimkum, Darogarjan, and Nihoto are visited by many tourists. Noune resort located near Niuland is a perfect place for boating, Niathu resort being the best resort so far. Apart from these, Diphupar, Nichuguard, Sukhajan, Kuki Dolong, Thilixu and Seithekima Village are visited. Chekiye and Ruzaphema is well-known for several bazaars from where tourists can purchase attractive handicrafts. A number of shopping centers and markets have sprung up in Dimapur, with the New Market, Hong Kong Market, Central Plaza and Bank colony (Super market area) and Circular and NL roads serving as the main commercial areas in the city. 

A number of shopping centers and markets have opened in Dimapur, with the New Market, Hong Kong Market, Central Plaza and Bank colony (Super market area) and Circular and NL roads which serves as the main commercial areas in the city, The Complexes and shopping centres have sprung upto Nuton bosti. The places along the NH 39 is also developing into a commercial areas where there has been changes in the last few years. The city's markets are famous for imported goods from Thailand, China and Burma. 

The Nagaland Industrial Growth Centre is located at Ganeshnagar of Dhansiripar Sub-Division, where most of the Dimasa Kachari lived — an area consisting of seven Dimasa Villages (Dhansiripar, Disaguphu, Amaluma, Doyapur, Ganeshnagar, Hazadisa and Manglumukh).

History of Dimapur

Located on the banks of the River Dhansiri, (originally known as Dong-siri meaning a narrow valley of quiet environment) Dimapur, often described as the ‘Brick City’ by European researchers and also by the Ahoms, was the ancient capital of a ruling nation, the Dimasa, who were once a leading and predominant race in the whole North-East India region mainly the Brahmaputra Valley. There are two versions of how Dimapur got its name. Many writers are of the opinion that the name ’ Dimapur’ was derived from Dimasa Kachari words Di-meaning water, Ma-meaning big and Pur-meaning city or township in Dimasa dialogue. while other believe that Dimapur is a corruption of Hidimbapur, meaning the city of Hidimba of Mahabharata prominence whose wedlock with Pandava prince Bhima gave birth to Ghotokacha, who is believed to be the progenitor of the Kacharis. Later Hidimbapur pass to to Dimbapur and then finally to Dimapur. In some Dimasa Kachari folklores Dimapur is often referred as Dimabang Halali, which implies that Dimapur was initially known by that name but was Sanskritized later by the Brahmins. In Ahom Chronicles, Dimapur has been described as ‘Che-din-chi-pen’ (town-earth-burn-make) meaning ‘brick town’ or ‘ Che-Dima’ meaning town of Dimasa. 

The seat of capital of Dimapur Kingdom was originally bounded by bricks walls of four feet wide, sixteen feet high with outer channel running alongside the walls of sixteen feet width and twelve feet in depth except on the southern side where the River Dhansiri served as the natural channel. On the eastern side there was a fine solid gateway with brick stonework of pointed double arcs. The gate was protected by double heavy doors centered in pierced upright setting of solid stone blocks. At both ends of the battlement there were towers of half quadrant shape and in between the arc-way and the towers there were positions which resembles decorative windows. On both sides above the arc there were symbolic works of sun flower. These were originally inset by bright brass coating and could be seen amazing from the great distance. Inside the fortified city, there were seventeen artistic stone pillars. These stone monuments were ornamented with statues of foliage, flowers, familiar animals and birds but nowhere any human images of gods and goddesses were seen. These implied that the Kacharis were free of Hindu influence at that time. These monoliths are believed to be lineal monuments of the ruling kings of Dimapur. The biggest of them was seventeen feet high and twenty four feet in circumference and was said to be memorial of the greatest Dimapur ruler Makardhwaj (probably Khungkradoa Raja who was given sanskritized name by Brahmins later) in whose time the traditional glory of the Kachari Kingdom rose to its peak and during whose time the invasions were made of Manipur and Burma by Seng yah (Veer) Dehmalu Kemprai, the greatest warlord of the Kacharis. Also during this period, heroes like Rangadao (Who was given the southern part of Dimapur, Ranga Pathar after his name), Degadao and mystic heroines like Wairingma, Waibangma flourished in war affairs and spirituality.  

During World War II, Dimapur was the centre of action between British India and Imperial Japan. The Japanese could reach Kohima where a siege was laid. Allied reinforcement came through Dimapur by rail and road for the push against the Japanese. An airport at Dimapur was also in use for supplies to the related forces in Burma. The battle for Kohima about 77 km from Dimapur is considered the turning point for the Japanese retreat from South East Asia. 

Dimapur has a population of 375,782. Dimapur has extended up to the foothills of Chumukedima

Tourist Attractions in Dimapur

There are various tourist attractions in Dimapur, such as ancient villages, waterfalls, ruins of the Dimasa Kachari Kingdom, and the Kali Temple.

Niuland subdivision and Chumukedima Village is an ancient village well-known for its various picturesque beauty and waterfalls. The town of Medziphema, Kuhuboto, surrounded by villages like Sakipheto, Alato, Aoyimkum, Darogarjan, and Nihoto are visited by many tourists. The Kachari Ruins is famous for various temples, reservoirs and tanks that belonged to the Dimasa Kachari Kingdom. Noune resort located near Niuland is an perfect place for boating. Niathu resort is the best resort in Dimapur.

Apart from these, Diphupar, Nichuguard, Sukhajan, Kuki Dolong, Thilixu and Seithekima Village are visited. Chekiye and Ruzaphema is famous for various bazaars from where tourists can purchase beautiful handicrafts. 

Famous Tourist Attractions in Dimapur are-

1) Green Park
Green Park is a cool place to relax or spend leisure time for tourist as well as the locals alike. This park is located within the state Horticulture Nursery. There is a  restaurant inside the park which has dormant shades boating facilities inside the park gives you every opportunity to relax and enjoy.  

2) Rajbari (Ruins of Kachari Kingdom)
The Kachari Ruins are a set of ruins situated at Walford Colony Dimapur. Their history dates back to the 10th century when they emerged during the Kachari civilization. The Kachari Ruins is a series of mushroom domed pillars. They were created by the Kachari Kingdom, which ruled here before the Ahom attack into the territory during the 13th Century AD. Their source and intention are largely strange. The pillars are not well maintained. Some pillars still stand in all their magnificence but others have collapsed down. It is believed that a game similar to chess was played there with the mushroom dooms. 

3) Diezephe Craft Village
Diezephe Craft Village is situated about 13 km from Dimapur which houses weavers and craftmen who engage in the arts of woodcarving, bamboo and Can works At present there are about ninty (90) craftsmen in the village. This workshop is fecilitated with various tools that can be used by craftsmen after a sum of Rs.150 per day.; 

4) Zoological Park
The Zoological Park is launched on 28th Aug 2008 with the aim to serve as a Conservation Centre for fauna of North-East India in general and Nagaland particular and besides to inculcate and develop a sense of caring towards flora and fuana. It has a total area of 176 ha. 

5) Science Park
Nagaland Science Centre has been setup behind the Naga Shoping Arcade. It has been setup with the basic objective of developing a scientific temper in the society and to promote innovative learning of science in a informal way. 

It houses different galleries namely, Our Senses, Fun Science and Children's Corner. Besides this Taramandal, an exclusively designed inflatable dome Planetariun makes one ascend deep into the sky by the night. Also a science park in the open air makes young children come close to the nature and play with specially designed exhibits placed in the natural surrounding.

Climate of Dimapur

Dimapur Climate is hot and humid in the plains during summer (reaching a maximum of 36 °C, with humidity up to 93%) while the winter months are cool and pleasant. The average annual rainfall is 1504.7 mm

How to Get There

By Rail
Dimapur is the only city in Nagaland that is connected by both rail and air. There are direct trains to Guwahati, Kolkata, New Delhi, Bangalore, Chandigarh, Amritsar, Dibrugarhand Chennai from Dimapur railway station.

By Road
The National Highway 39 that joins Kohima, Imphal and the Myanmar border at Moreh runs through Dimapur. NH 36 starts from Dimapur connnects Doboka and later Guwahati via NH 37.

By Air
Dimapur Airport is situated at 3rd mile (NH 39). It is the only civil airport in the state and has flights to Kolkata and Dibrugarh. Maintained by the Airports Authority of India, it is a significant trade and commercial centre on National Highway No. 39, and wears a rather cosmopolitan look



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