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About Kaza

The town of Kaza, Kaze or Kaja is the subdivisional headquarters of the distant Spiti Valley in the Lahaul and Spiti district of the state of Himachal Pradesh in the Western Himalayas of India. Spiti, which is a part of the Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal, is a high altitude or cold desert having close resemblance to the adjacent Ladakh and Tibet regions in terms of topography, climate and the Buddhist culture. Kaza is situated along the Spiti River at an elevation of 3,650 metres above mean sea level, it is the largest township and commercial center of the valley . It also has a market for daily necessities. Kaza is 210 Km from Kalpa and 47 km from Tabo.

Spiti means the 'middle country' - a name obviously given as a result of its ties with both Tibet and India. With freckles of green over a dry, weather-beaten face, Spiti is a cold desert where the monsoon rain never comes. It is characterized by stark beauty, high mountains and narrow valleys. A century ago, Rudyard Kipling in Kim called Spiti "a world within a world" and a "place where the gods live" - a description that holds true to the present day.

The town is divided into the old, as Kaza Khas and new as Kaza Soma sections. The new town contains the administrative buildings. The Tangyud Gompa dates to the early 14th century and is built like a fortified fortress with huge slanted mud walls and battlements with vertical red ochre and white vertical stripes. It is on the edge of a deep valley and overlooking the town of Kaza, 4 km from the town.Approaching it from the south one sees Kyu-ling (Skyid-gling), the stately palace of the Nono (king) on the other side of the river.


Kaza is overlooked by high mountain ridges on all sides. It has two access points : one from Kinnaur valley and the other from the Lahaul valley, the well-known Gelugpa establishment is about 11 kms from Ki Monastery,. The route through Kinnaur is open throughout the year, except for occasional short periods resulting from landslides or heavy snowfall. This road, starts from Shimla and follows the Sutlej river into a little beyond Reckong Peo, thereafter turning northwards to follow the Spiti river all the way to Kaza. The other road starts from Manali and after crossing the 13,090-foot (3,990 m) high Rohtang Pass to reach Gramphoo where it joins the road from Keylong and proceeds south along Chandra River till Batal then climbs up to cross the 14,928-foot (4,550 m) high Kunzum pass, enters the Spiti valley to reach Kaza. It remain closed during winter months, usually from October end to June due to heavy snowfall on both the passes.

Climate of Kaza

Kaza is known as cold desert and does not receive rain fall.Kaza is among the coldest place in India. The temperature varies greatly in a different seasons and during a day , january is the coldest period of a year with an average temperature of -37C,while the july is hottest month with an average temperature of 13C.This region is known as Cold Desert and does not receive rainfall. In summers the weather remains pleasant when light woolens are advised. In winter the temperature can drop below freezing point, when heavy woolens are required.

Tourist Attractions of  Kaza

Kaza is known for its colorful festivals and the ancient Sakya Tangyud Monastery in a side valley which is 4 kms from the town. It is also popular among adventure seekers and tourists during summer months because of its central location and connections to rest of the valley and outside. Kaza has a Buddhist Monastery and also a Hindu temple. Kaza mainly serves as a tourist base for Spiti valley and one can visit places like the Ki Moneastery, Kibber and Komic village, Nako, Pin valley, Kunzum Pass and Chandratal lake from here.This central location also makes Kaza an ideal base camp for mountaineering, trekking and tours directed to other parts of the valley. Some of the major tourist attractions in and around Kaza beside Tangyud Monastery are  - 

Key Gompa
Key Gompa is located at an elevation of 4116 meters above the sea level and is only 7 Kms away from Kaza. It has the biggest monastery which was founded in eleventh century and has ancient paintings of Buddhist monks and historic Buddhist scrolls. Thus, it is an amazing place to visit.

Gette Village
Gette Village is located at an elevation of 4270 Mtrs. above the main sea level. Gette is said to be the highest inhabited village in Asia. Its located in the Lahual and Spitu district very near to Ki Monastery.

Kibber is a village high in the Spiti Valley in the Himalayas at 4270 metres or 14,200 ft in Himachal Pradesh in northern India. It contains a monastery and the Kibber Wildlife Sanctuary.

Losar village
Losar village is about 60 km to the north of Kaza at an elevation of 4079 Mtrs. above the main sea level.

Pin Valley National Park
Pin Valley National Park is a protected area for himalayan high altitude wildlife.

Langza village
Langza village is well-known for presents of marine fossils.

How To Reach Kaza

By Rail
Jogindernagar is the nearest railway station. The rail route from Jogindernagar to Chandigarh is a narrow gauge one. Shimla and Chandigarh are the nearest broad gauge railway stations. Buses and taxis are available from Shimla and Chandigarh to reach Kaza.

By Road
It is about 115 km journey from Manali which takes six hours. Another option is to take bus from Shimla via Kinnaur to Kaza. The route from Shimla to Kaza remains open from May to October and is about 412 km long.

By Air
Kaza can be reached either from Manali or by Shimla. Indian Airlines and some private airlines operate regular flights to Bhuntar Airport, the nearest airport to Manali. Pre-paid taxis are available from Bhuntar airport. Buses and taxis can be hired from Manali to Kaza. Flights from New Delhi and Chandigarh operate on a daily basis to Shimla airport.



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