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About Shivpuri

Shivpuri is a city and a municipality in Shivpuri district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is in the Gwalior Division of northwest Madhya Pradesh and is the administrative headquarters of Shivpuri District. It is situated at an elevation of 1,515 feet (462 m) above sea level. Shivpuri is mainly an agricultural district and so cultivation is the main occupation of the people.

This pretty little town with its luxuriant forests and hilly environs used to be the summer capital of the Scindia rulers. Madhav National Park is here, which not only provides sanctuary the wildlife but also the avifauna. Prior to the royal Scindias its dense forests were the hunting grounds of the Mughal emperors when Emperor Akbar captured great flocks of elephants. Much later, it was the tiger that wandered the wooded hills and many a magnificent best was bagged by royal shikaris. With its abundant forests and rolling hills, Shivpuri was the natural choice as the summer resort capital of the Scindias.

Shivpuri's royal ambience lives on in the beautiful places and hunting lodges and graceful, intricately-embellished marble chhatris (cenotaphs) erected by the Scindia princes. A sanctuary for rare wildlife and avifauna, Shivpuri has transformed a royal past into a vibrant, hopeful present. The district derives its name from God Shiva. It was known earlier by the name Sipri. The Shivpuri place first found a mention during Mughal times in 1564 when Emperor Akbar is stated to have halted at this place. During that period it formed a part of Narwar Sarkar. It has a very big ancient fort and a wealth of history behind. The district was known as Narwar district during the times of Gwalior State, although its Headquarter was at Shivpuri.

History of Shivpuri

Shivpuri is an ancient town and a holy place. It received its current name after independence in honor of the God Shiva. It is sheered in the royal legacy of its past, when it was the summer capital of the Scindia rulers of Gwalior. Earlier to that, Shivpuri's dense forests were the hunting grounds of the Mughal emperors. Emperor Akbar captured droves of elephants for his stables while returning from Mandu in year 1564. The thick forests are still there and continue to be a source of forest-produce for domestic and industrial use.

Shivpuri was awarded as Jagir to the Kachwahas of Narwar in the 17th century. Shivpuri king and fort was won by Ranoji Bhoite, a Maratha General of Chhatrapati of Satara on instructions of Jankoji Shinde, Gwalior Chief. In February 1781, the Scindiaslost a battle to the British there, which resulted in a mutual-defense treaty the following October.

Shivpuri again came under the rule of the Scindias in 1804, who granted it to one of their Maratha generals by name Ingle. Later, it was transferred to the HEIC in 1817 under a treaty, but the Scindias regained it in 1818. Shivpuri is also known as Shimla of Madhya Pradesh because of it's geographical similarity and weather in the winter. Tantya Tope was awarded death sentence on 17 April 1859 by British Raj for his part in the Revolt of 1857 in nearby Jhansi. He was hanged to death in Shivpuri, at a site near the present collectorate.

Geography of Shivpuri

Shivpuri is located at coorg district. It has an average altitude of 468 metres (1535 feet) shivpuri is a famous district in Madhya Pradesh State. As of 2013 India census, Shivpuri had a population of 3,16,859.

The species of trees generally found in the district are Dhow, Khair, Mahua, Kardhai, Salaj, Tendu, Palas, Koha, Amaltas, Karch, Karey, Saja, Jamun, Dhaman Kaim, Semal, Tinach and Saj.

Fauna Wild life has been gradually declining in the district, due to indiscriminate shooting and cutting of forests. In ancient times the forests were thick and a good number of animals could be seen. The animals found are Nahar tiger (Felis tigris), tendua panther (pelis pardus), ladaya jackal (Cummins aurens), lakkad baggha hyena (Hyena striata), Bhalu, Sloth bear (Melxerus ursinus), Sambhar (Carvas unicolar), suar, Lomdi-fox (Vulpes bengaleneis), Chinkara (Gasells benetti), wild bear (Sus crislatus), Kala Hiran black buck (Antelope cervicapra) and Langur black faced monkeys (Semli petheous entellus).

Among birds, the following are found the Myna, Shikra Hawk, the common Crow, The Mor-Peacock, The commons gray house Crow and all black crows, the harival green Pigeon, the Grey jungle fowl, bustard Quail and Jungle bush Quail. The avifauna also includes the cormorant, paint stork, white, purple sunbird, paradise flycatcher and golden oriole.

Tourist Attractions of Shivpuri

Shivpuri’s royal ambience lives on in the beautiful palaces and hunting lodges and stylish which are erected by the Scindia rulers. Intricately embellished marble cenotaphs commemorating the Scindia rulers are a special attraction in Shivpuri.

Chhatris (cenotaphs), Shivpuri
Chhatris were set in a formal Mughal garden, with quiet corners under flowering trees, interconnected by pathways with ornamental balustrades & illuminated by Victorian lamps, is the complex in which the cenotaphs of the Scindias are set. Facing each other across a water tank are the chhatris of Madho Rao Scindia & the Dowager queen Maharani Sakhya Raje Scindia, synthesizing the architectural idioms of Hindu & Islamic styles with their shikhara-type spires & Rajput & Mughal pavilions.

Sakhya Sagar Lake, Shivpuri
Sakhya Sagar Lake is founded on the Manier River in 1918, is situated on the edge of forests of Madhav National Park. On the shores of the lake is a boat club which is also known as Sailing Club, a well-ventilated delicate structure with glass panels. Sakhya Sagar Lake is the habitat of a variety of reptiles; some occupants are Marsh or Mugger crocodile, Indian Python & Monitor Lizard. Nowadays, boating has been banned keeping in view the safety of tourists.

Madhav Vilas Palace
Madhav Vilas Palace is the summer palace of the Scindias, Madhav Vilas Palace, looks extremely attractive, dressed in a soft shade of rose - pink. The Mahal is decorated with marble floors, elegant terraces and a Ganapati Mandap. Deep inside the park, at its highest point stands the George Castle which was founded by Jiyaji Rao Scindia. The best time to visit the castle is at sunset, when the Sakhya Sagar Lake seems to take on the warmth and changing hues of the sky.

George Castle
George Castle was founded in 1911 by the Scindia ruler Jiyaji Rao Scindia within the National Park at its highest point, for an overnight halt for tiger shooting by George V. He was to pass that way during his visit to India. It so happened that King could shoot a tiger on the way itself and did not stop at Madhav National Park. View of the lake and downhill surroundings from this point at the sunset are distinctive.

Sakhya Sagar Lake
Lacing the forest cover of the National Park is the Sakhya Sagar Lake which is home to various reptiles like, marsh crocodile, the python and the monitor lizard. On the shores of the lake, and connected to it by a pier, is a Boat Club which is an elegant structure.

Bhadaiya Kund
Bhadaiya Kund, is another picnic spot along a natural spring, the waters of which are said to be rich in minerals, of a remedial nature. Bird life in the forests is also plentiful, with many of the species typical of the habitat.

Madhav National Park, Shivpuri
Madhav National Park lies between Jhansi-Shivpuri road. It spreads over an area of 157 sq. km. The park is open throughout the year. With a diverse landscape of wooded hills, the forest being dry, mixed & deciduous with flat grasslands around the lakes, it offers abundant opportunities of sighting a variety of wildlife. The prominent species that inhibits the park is the deer, of which the most easily sighted are the attractive little chinkara, the Indian gazelle, & the chital.

Other residents are sambar, nilgai, chausingha or four-honed antelope, sloth bear, black buck, leopard & the omnipresent common langur. The National Park is equally rich in avifauna. The artificial lake, Chandpatha, is the winter home of migratory geese, pochard, pintail, teal, mallard & gadwall. A good site for bird watching is where the forest track crosses the rocky stream that flows from the waste weir. It is difficult to visit the place without private vehicle.

Climate of Shivpuri

Shivpuri has a hot summer, a rainy monsoon season and a chilly winter. Summer temperatures range around 36 °C from April to June. During the monsoon, the weather is milder but wet from July to August and the winters from October to March are pleasant during the daytime when sunny but nights are cold.

Places Around Shivpuri

Around Shivpuri Wildlife National Park
In the nearby environs of Shivpuri National Park there is a natural spring called Bhadaiya Kund, which produces mineral rich water considered to have healing properties. There are a number of interesting tourist destinations around Shivpuri. The best way to travel around the Shivpuri National Park is by jeep. Jeeps are readily available for hire.

Karera Bird Sanctuary
Karera Bird Sanctuary is 45 kms away from shivpuri, it is treat for bird lovers. The great Indian Bustard, a protected bird can be seen here.

Chanderi is about 127 kms away, it is a heritage village which is known for the fine sarees woven by the traditional weaving community of Chanderi.

Heritage Sites
Heritage sites nearby where forts, temples and monasteries can be seen include Surwaya, Bundela, Marwah and Narwar all within 20-40 Km away from Shivpuri.

How To Reach Shivpuri

By Rail
Jhansi is the nearest railway station which is at a distance of 100 Km from Shivpuri. Jhansi is connected to Mumbai and Delhi by train.

By Road
Shivpuri is connected by regular bus services with Gwalior, Indore, Bhopal, Jhansi and Ujjain. Shivpuri is 115 KMS away from Gwalior on Agra Mumbai Road and 98 KMS away from Jhansi.

By Air
The nearest airport is at Gwalior, which is about 112 Kms away and drive down to Shivpuri. There are flights to Gwalior from all major cites such as Mumbai, Delhi, Indore and Bhopal - the capital of Madhya Pradesh.



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