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Nepal Wildlife

Information about the Chitwan National Park
A large part of the Rapti Valley in the lowlands of the Teria region has been considered as a national park and is known as the Royal Chitwan National Park. This park is situated 120 km southwest of Kathmandu in the valley of Rapti and Narayani rivers. Chitwan National Park is the oldest, best known, developed and most frequently visited national park in Nepal. This national park covers an area of 932 square km and consists of thick forests, swamp, tall elephant grass and rivers. Chitwan National Park is a 3800 sq km basin surrounded by the hills, the Siwaliks in the south and the Mahabharat Lekh in the north and the Narayani and Rapti rivers flowing from east to west. Before 1950 the Tharus lived here in

Chitwan National Park Nepal

small numbers, apparently immune to malaria. The malaria eradication programme encouraged settlement and land-hungry peasant farmers reduced the area under natural vegetation cover. The National Park now occupies the area between the Rapti and its tributary the Reu, with the centre rising to 738 m. Mt. Manaslu and Himalchuli can be seen on clear days. There is an airstrip at Meghauli on the northern banks of the Rapti river.

The Chitwan National Park was a private hunting reserve of the Ranas. Massive shikars were organized for visiting dignitaries such as European royalty and Viceroys of India. They were aided by a continuous line of beaters driving the game towards the guns and there was wholesale slaughter. The Maharaja of Nepal and his guests shot 433 tigers and 53 rhino in the period 1933 –40. In 1973, this park became the Nepal's first national park and strict measures were taken and hunting and poaching were banned. Conservation measures have increased the rhino and tiger population to about 400 and 80. This park was declared as a World Heritage Site in 1984. The best time to visit Chitwan National Park is from October to March.

Wildlife Attractions in the Chitwan National Park

Some of the animals which can be seen in the Chitwan National Park are tiger, great one-horned Indian rhinoceros, leopard, gaur, sloth bear, wild bear, sambar, hog and barking deer, civet, mongoose, otter, marsh mugger crocodile, gharial and the Gangetic dolphin. In addition, there are about 50 more species of mammals, 400 species of birds and several varieties of fish. The long snouted fish-eating gharial is an endangered species and a breeding farm has been established at Kasara. Elephants, though not native, are used for taking visitors through the park.

How to reach Chitwan National Park
By Air:

The Royal Nepal Airlines runs daily flights to Meghauli from Kathmandu, which is situated near the Chitwan National Park.

By Road:

Chitwan National Park is located near Pokhara and Kathmandu.



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