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Kathmandu, Nepal

Information about Kathmandu
Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal, is one of the most picturesque capitals in the world. The city of Kathmandu derives its name from Kasthamandap, an imposing wooden pagoda near the Hanuman Dhoka Palace. This city was built by King Gunakama Dev in 723 AD. The original name of the city was Kantipur, the glamorous city. Kathmandu is situated at an altitude of 1,336 m above sea level, and surrounded by high mountains all around, with the white peaks looking down and can be viewed clearly from vantage points at the foothills around Kathmandu. The city of Kathmandu covers an area of more than 300 square kms and situated in the Kathmandu valley which also

Kathmandu Nepal

houses several ancient towns, monuments and architectural wonders. The city of Kathmandu is a perfect mixture of the ancient, traditional and modern. Kathmandu is also the centre of all commercial, political, cultural and social activities and the tourist, adventure and mountaineering excursions. It is also the headquarters of the government of Nepal. Kathmandu has all the features that describe it as a truly modern city. The climate of Kathmandu is seldom very cold for most of the year. The best time to visit Kathmandu is from September to November and February to May.

History of Kathmandu
Kathmandu was founded in 723 AD by the Licchavi king Gunakama Dev at the confluence of the Bagmati and Bishnumati rivers. The original name of the city was Kantipur, the glamorous city. The hub of the city is the area around the oldest building, the Kastha Mandap, which stood at the crossroads of two important trade routes. When the valley was unified in the 14th century by Jayasthiti Malla, Kathmandu became the administrative centre and this sparked off an expansion that was sustained over many years. In the 19th century, due to the Rana's travels overseas, new European styles were introduced. Under the Ranas, various places were built at Patan and Kathmandu, but with the return of the monarchy, these became neglected. There are various attractions in the ancient city of Kathmandu due to which various people came here as conquerors, traders and businessmen, as seekers of adventure and economic migrants.

Tourist Attractions in Kathmandu
There are about 2000 temples and shrines in Kathmandu. The most interesting things to see in Kathmandu are clustered around the old towns between the old marketplace and the shopping centre along the New Road. The main places to visit in Kathmandu are Durbar Square, Swayambhunath Stupa, Kumari Temple. Besides visiting the above places, the tourists can also have one day excursion to various places nearby Kathmandu. Some of these places are Bodhnath, Pashupatinath Temple, Budhanikantha Temple and Dakshinkali Temple, Daman, Changu Narayan Temple, Nagarkot and Dhulikhel.

How to reach Kathmandu

Today, Kathmandu is no more the distant Shangri La that it was. It is connected with various cities by air, rail and road.

By Air:

The Kathmandu airport is internationally connected by air with Bangkok, Kolkata, New Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Varanasi, London, Paris, Moscow, Vienna, Dubai, Karachi, Dhaka, Paro, Lhasa, Singapore, Hong Kong, Shanghai and Osaka.

By Road:

The first surfaced road to reach Kathmandu, from Raxaul Bazar was completed in 1956. Kathmandu is also direct connected with East Uttar Pradesh, Lhasa in Tibet and Pokhara in the west. Modern highways connects Kathmandu with all the Himalayan cities like Darjeeling, Gangtok, Phuntsholing and various north-eastern states of India. The Arniko Highway connects Kathmandu with Tibet and China, via Kodari and Dolalghat in Nepal, through Tatopani (Liping) on the Nepal border and Lhasa in the Tibet. There are various entry points from where the tourists can enter into Nepal from India like Kakarbhitta, Birgunj, Belhiya, Kodari, Sunauli, Nepalgunj, Dhangadi and Mahendranagar.

By Rail:

The nearest railway station is located at Amlekhganj in the Terai region and linked with Raxaul Bazaar on the Indian border which is connected with Gorakhpur and Patna.



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