Home | About Us | FAQ | Site Map | Contact Us  

Nepal Tourism

Nepal, Nepal Tour


    Google Search   www Indo Vacations      

Information | People | Festivals | Nepal Art | Culture Nepal Tours | Adventure | Cities | Nepal Trekking | Wildlife 

Patan, Nepal

Information about Patan
Patan, also known as Lalitpur is situated about 5 kms. south-west of the Kathmandu valley. Patan is the second largest city of Nepal and known for its artistic temples and sculptures. Patan is the most artistic and architectural centre of the valley due to the famous Durbar Square, 55 major temples and 136 monasteries. The visitors can buy superb souvenirs in paintings, bronze, brass, stone and wood.

History of Patan
Patan has a long history and was also the most famous Buddhist centre. Patan was once an

Patan Nepal

independent kingdom under Malla rulers and a centre of craftsmanship. Ashoka, the Mauryan emperor was responsible for the construction of four earth and brick directional stupas at the four corners. Later under the Mallas, the city experienced a great flourish of temple building. The relatively compact scale and the remarkable temple architecture gave the Patan, a unique atmosphere. The city of Patan is steeped in Buddhist history. Shrines, temples, and viharas were built that became the geographic focus of the Newar Buddhist community. Newar Buddhism developed along side the viharas in Kathmandu. It was institutionalized as a unique cult of Mahayana Buddhism in the 9th century, due to the substantial number of viharas, and the highly developed valley culture with its distinct characteristics. It has its own script, literature, rituals, and discipline.

Festivals in Patan
Every monastery has its own annual festival that commemorate its founding. This is the day when the entire sangha (Members belonging to a particular monastery) enthusiastically assembles for religious exercises and feasts. The other important occasion for the Newar Buddhist community is Gunla Dharma. Gunla is the Newar month (mid-July to mid-August) sacred for Buddhists. Patan also celebrates Malaya or the festival of lights. This occurs on the second day of Gunla. The devotees carry lighted tapers, candles, and torches, and march in groups and visit the various monasteries in the city. The Rato Machhendranath is another festival of Patan. In this festival, the red faced image of the patron deity is taken around the city and his chariot moves in daily stages in a procession during the celebrations in Patan. The procession is accompanied by musicians and soldiers and viewed not only by the royal family, but also by the Patan's Kumari, the "Living Goddess".

Tourist Attractions in Patan

There are about 55 temples and 136 monasteries in Patan. It is believed that these monasteries were first built by the king Mandev of Lichchhavi dynasty. Patan also has a zoo that houses various specimens of Himalayan and Terai wildlife including deer and the Bengal tiger. The main tourist attractions in Patan are Durbar Square, Mahaboudha Temple, Hiranyavarna Mahavihara or Golden Temple or Kwa Bahal and Kumbheshwar Temple.

How to reach Patan

Patan is situated about 5 kms. south-west of Kathmandu.



Nepal Car Rental

Car Rental




Home  |  About Us  FAQ  Site Map  Contact Us


Copyright ©, Indo Vacations®. All Rights Reserved.