Bijapur, Bijapur Tour, Bijapur in Karnataka
Welcome to Bijapur


North India

South India

East India

North East











Bird Watching





Special Tours

Train Tours





Car Rental

View All Tours


Karnataka Cities














South India Tours

South India Intensive

Karnataka Tour

South India Wild Life

Sandalwood Spice

South India Honeymoon

South India Temple

South India Coastal

Deccan India

South India Tour

South India Horse Safari

Best of South India

26 Days South India Tour
Temple and Tiger Tour
Bird Watching in South India

India Tours

31 Days Rajasthan

30 Days Gujarat 

26 Days South

19 Days North India

18 Days Rajasthan 

17 Days South

16 Days Shekhwati

14 Days North India

13 Days Sikkim

11 Days Nepal

9 Days Ladakh

8 Days Taj Triangle


Travel Guide

Indian Architecture 

Indian Embassies

Flight Sickness

India Information

Nepal Information 

India Geography

Indian History

Media in India

 Modern History

Music in India

Musical instruments

Paintings of India

Reaching India




India Guide

About India


Plains of India

Western Ghats

India Civilisation 

Hindu Temple

The Stupas 

Rock Cut Architect

Cave Architecture


Information about Bijapur

Bijapur was known as Vijayapura "the city of victory" during the reign of Chalukyas. The ancient city of Bijapur is located 530 kms north-west of Bangalore. Bijapur was the capital of the Adil Shahi kings (1489-1686), and one of the five splinter states formed when the Bahmani Muslim kingdom broke up in 1482. Bijapur was also one of the golden cities of the Muslim kings. About 500 years ago, Bijapur was described by foreign historians as a flourishing city with a vast army. This city was located on one of the ancient trade routes, and was visited by scholars and historians of both the East and the West. Bijapur is still strongly Muslim in character and has various places of historical, cultural and architectural importance with the Islamic architecture. There are over 50 temples, more than 20 tombs and an equal number of palaces in Bijapur. The main attractions in Bijapur are the architectural, especially Islamic architecture like the Gol Gumbaz. This magnificent tomb of Mohammed Adil Shah, has a breathtaking whispering gallery and mind boggling accoustic effects.

Tourist Attractions in Bijapur
Gol Gumbaz 

The word Gol Gumbaz literally means round dome, is the most famous attraction in Bijapur. The Gol Gumbaz is the tomb of Mohammed Adil Shah (1627-56), the seventh ruler of Adilshahi dynasty. This tomb was built at his orders before his death and took about 20 years to complete. This tomb also dominates the landscape of Bijapur. It has a floor area of 1700 square meter, height of 51 m and diameter of 37 m. The walls are 3 m thick. The central dome is second largest dome in the world and second only in size to the dome of St Peter's Basalica in Rome and stands unsupported by any pillars. The tick of a watch or the rustle of paper or

Gol Gumbaz, Bijapur

the pin drop can be heard across a distance of 37 m. in the Whispering Gallery. The main feature of this dome is that a sound is echoed for eleven times. Under the dome are the tombs of the Sultan, his two wives, his mistress Ramba, his daughter and grandson. The octagonal turrets which project at an angle and the huge bracketed cornic below the parapet are important features of this monument. The gallery around the dome can be reached by climbing up the turret passages, and from here one can have a fabulous view of the town. The building complex includes a mosque, Naqqar Khana, gateway and dharmashala. The edifice in front of the tomb has been converted into a museum.

Ibrahim Rauza
Ibrahim Rauza, Bijapur

The word Rauza literally means a garden. The Ibrahim Rauza is a square garden that consists of 2 buildings, one houses the tomb of Ibrahim Adil Shah II and his family and the other is a mosque. The tomb was built on the orders of Ibrahim Adil Shah (1580-1627) and known for its striking symmetry of proportion, exquisite minarets, cupolas, parapets and cornices, richly decorated walls and perforated stone windows. This tomb is supposed to have been an inspiration for the Taj Mahal at Agra. The panels are decorated with crosses, lotuses and wheels and signify the tolerance of the Adil Shahi dynasty. This monument shows the creativity of its Iranian born architect. 

The tomb is built on a single slab of bed-rock and the architect has attained a perfect balance on the site, with the mausoleum on the left and the prayer hall to the right. This whole structure lies above a basement which houses secret passages (used to store munitions and food) and also holds living quarters for the cavalry, with stables opposite. The gardens are beautifully sculpted and enclosed within an imposing wall and have some superb gateways. The architect's grave also lies within the courtyard. He was buried there at his request, to be close to the Sultan. Two stone chains, each carved from a single rock hang from the sides of the prayer hall. Each door which is made in teak wood and re-enforced in metal in this complex is unique. The door handles are made of iron and brass and provide for some intricate patterns, which are largely intact. The arches in the hallway that surround the inner perimeter of the mausoleum are superbly crafted. The facades of the building provide for some stunning art-work in stone, including a map to the basement, which lies under the mausoleum. Another feature of this tomb is that if you are standing at the mausoleum by the grave side of the Sultan, you can distinctly hear the prayers being said at the other end, in the prayer hall.


Malik-e-Maidan is one of the largest bell metal guns in the world. This gun measures 4.45 m in length, 1.5 m in diameter and weighs 55 tons and placed on the walls of the city. One of the main feature of this cannon is that it is always cool to touch even during the hot summers and when it is tapped gently, it tinkles softly like a bell. According to the legends, if you touch the gun and make a wish, it will come true. The muzzle of the gun is shaped like the head of a lion with open jaws and between the carved fangs is depicted an elephant being crushed to death. 

Bara Kamaan

Bara Kamaan is the unfinished mausoleum of Ali Adil Shah. If this mausoleum has been completed, it might have surpassed all others of its kind. Its 12 graceful arches which give it the name Bara Kamaan, makes one feel the power of time and death.


The huge fort surrounded by fortified walls and a wide moat was built by Yusuf Adil Shah I. The relics of palaces and pleasure gardens with in the fort reflect in 1561, which was used as a royal residence as well as Durbar Hall. The Sat Manzil, the seven storeyed palaces of Mohammed Adil Shah and the Jala Manzil, noted for its architectural beauty. Another attractions is the Malik – I – Maidan, a 55 tonne, 4.5 mtrs. Long cannon of Adil Shahi’s, which is perhaps one of the largest bell metal guns in the world. Bara Kaman, located nearby is the incomplete mausoleum of Ali – II, noted for its graceful arches.

Asar Mahal (5 kms.)
It was built in 1646 by Muhammad Adil Shah to serve as ‘Hall of Justice’ and has some holy relics of Prophet Mohammed. Other worth seeing monuments are the Mehtar Mahal, the Jod Gumbaz, Afzal Khans’s Cenotaph,Anand Mahal, Ark– Killa, etc.

Jumma Masjid

Jumma Masjid was known so because the Khutba was recited here on Jumma ie. Friday. This mosque is the largest and first constructed mosque in Bijapur. It was built between 1557-1686, during the rule of Ali Adil Shah, who acquired the land after defeating the rich Ramaraja of Vijayanagar. The total area of the mosque is 10,810 square meter. The main part of the mosque stands to the west and has nine huge arches on the facade that deepen into five arches and form 45 compartments. The majestic tomb rises above the roof in a semicircle and looks like the bud of a flower. The Jama Masjid is mainly known for its harmonious proportions and graceful minarets, ornamental details. The Aurangzeb extended the mosque in the east, south and the north verandah and built the eastern gate. The original gateway is on the northern side. The interior of the mosque shows some decorative motifs on the apexes of the arches. The heavy curtain hangs over the "Mehrab", which has domes, minarets, niches with books, flower vases and Persian writings inscribed on it. The sacred alcove have the Quran daintily painted in the letter of gold.

Mehtar Mahal

Mehtar Mahal is the finely wrought gateway to the mosque. It is an excellent example of the Indo-Saracenic style of architecture. It is embellished by a profusion of carvings in the form of brackets supporting the balconies and stone trellis work in Hindu Style.

Around Bijapur

Basavana Bagewadi (43 kms.)
The sacred town is the birth place of Saint Basaveshwara, the 12th century social and religious reformer and prime minister of the Kalyana Chalukya rulers. It is known for the temple of Basaveshwara with shrines dedicated to Basaveshwara (Nandi), Sangameshwara, Mallikarjuna and Ganapathi. There are also fine marble statues of Basavanna and his wife.

Kumatagi (19 kms.)
Kumatagi, the pleasure resort of the Adil Shahi rulers and nobles lies on the banks of a large reservoir. The water pavilions with a network of cisterns, fountains and waterspouts are noteworthy. The walls of the pavilions are adorned with fine frescoes.

Thoravi (6 kms.)
It was chosen as the site of the new city built by Ibrahim Adil Shah. The main attractions are the relies of Sangit Mahal, the palace where the emperor is said to have had dance and music soirees. It is the venue for the annual Nauraspur Music Festival. There is also a of Narsimha with pre-Vijayanagar idols.


Tours all over India – Nepal and Bhutan Home Mail to tourism expert of India e-mail  Online chat regarding travel and tours to India Chat Get contact information to Indian Tour Operator and Travel Agent Contact  Send your enquiry or tour request. Enquiry  Tour and Travel experts for India and Indian sub-continent About Us

Your feedback about travel and tours to India and Indian sub-continentFeedback


Visit the site map of Indo Vacations Site Map India related and other useful links Links

Copyright © Indo Vacations. All Rights Reserved