Welcome to Gujarat
Welcome

Rajasthan

North India

South India

East India

North East

Kerala

Gujarat

Kashmir

Ladakh

Himachal

Sikkim

Bhutan

Nepal

Tibet

Adventure

Bird Watching

WildLife

Safaris

Temples

Goa/Beaches

Special Tours

Train Tours

Ayurveda

Yoga

Festivals

Hotels

Car Rental

View All Tours

References

Himachal Tours

Enchanting Himachal Pradesh Tour

Himachal Pradesh Intensive Tour

Himachal Tour

15 Days Himachal Tour

13 Days Himachal Tour

12 Days Himachal Tour

Himachal Pradesh Tour

Himachal Trekking Tour

9 Days Himachal Tour

Himachal Short Tour

8 Days Shimla Tour

India Tours

31 Days Rajasthan

30 Days Gujarat

26 Days South

20 Days Rajasthan

19 Days North India

18 Days Rajasthan

17 Days South

16 Days Shekhawati

15 Days Himachal

14 Days North India

13 Days Sikkim

11 Days Nepal

9 Days Ladakh

8 Days Taj Triangle

4 Days Tibet

Travel Guide
Indian Architecture 
Indian Embassies
Flight Sickness
India Information
Nepal Information 
India Geography
Indian History
Media in India
 Modern History
Music in India
Musical instruments
Paintings of India
Reaching India
Refreshments 
 Religions
Shopping
Telecommunication
Temperature Guide 
Visa Information
Indian Wildlife

Adventure Tours

Himalaya Trekking

Rafting on Ganges

River Rafting

Rajasthan on Bicycle

Biking in Sikkim

India River Rafting

Cycling in Ladakh

Tons River Rafting

Ladakh Biking Tour

Garhwal Trekking

River Rafting Tour

Trekking in Ladakh

Indus River Rafting

Travel Tools

Airlines in India

Railway Timetable

India Dialing Codes

Currency Converter

Distance Calculator

Time Converter

India Guide

About India

Himalaya

Plains of India

Western Ghats

India Civilisation 

Hindu Temple

The Stupas 

Rock Cut Architect

Cave Architecture

Temple Tours

Kailash Mansarovar

Char Dham Yatra

South India Temple Tour

Temple Tour in India

North India Temple Tour

East India Temple Tour

Ajanta & Ellora Tour

Rajasthan Temple Tour

Buddhist Pilgrimage Tour

Pir Panjal Range
About Pir Panjal Range

The Pir Panjal Range is a group of mountains in the Inner Himalayan region, running from east-southeast (ESE) to west-northwest (WNW) across the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh and the disputed territories comprising Indian administered Jammu and Kashmir and Pakistan administered Azad Kashmir, where the average altitude varies from 1,400 m (4,600 ft) to 4,100 m (13,500 ft). The Himalayas show a gradual elevation towards the Dhauldhar and Pir Panjal ranges.

The Pir Panjal Range starts in Ramban and extends westward in the south of Jammu and Kashmir (Vale of Kashmir) to the last extremity of Muzaffarabad District. It is 288 km long. Its width changes between 40 and 50 km. Six historical passes, Hajipir Pass, Gulabgarh Pass, Ratanpir Pass, Pir Panjal Pass, Banihal Pass, and Bairam Gala Pass are in this mountain range. The highest mountain range is Tattakoti. Its elevation is 15,524 feet (4,732 m). The height of this range near Gulmarg is 12,500 feet (3,800 m) high.

Pir Panjal is the largest range of the lower Himalayas. It separates itself from the Himalayas near the bank of the Sutlej river and forms a divide between the rivers Beas and Ravi on one side and the Chenab on the other. The well-known Galliat and Murree mountains are also located in this range.

Pīr Panjāl Range is part of the western Punjab Himalayas, lying in northwestern India and northern Pakistan and it extends southeastward for more than 200 mi (320 km) from the Kishanganga to the upper Beās river. It rises sharply to an average altitude of more than 13,000 ft , it separates the Jammu Hills to the south from the valley of Kashmir, beyond which lie the Great Himalayas. The main passes through the range include the Pīr Panjāl (11,462 ft) and Banihāl (8,985 ft); a highway channel near Banihāl Pass makes the Vale of Kashmir accessible to traffic from the south, even in winter. The mountains extending to the north of the Kishanganga River in Pakistan are sometimes considered part of the range.

 
Passes

The Pir Panjal pass lies to the west of Srinagar. The Banihal pass (2,832 m (9,291 ft)) lies at the head of the Jhelum river at the southern end of the Kashmir valley. Banihal and Qazigund lie on either side of the pass.The Sinthan pass connects Jammu and Kashmir with Kishtwar. Pir ki Gali connects Kashmir valley with Rajouri and Poonch via Mughal road. Pir ki Gali is the highest point of Mughal road which is about 11500 ft and lies to the south west of the Kashmir valley. Nearest town to Pir Ki Gali is Shupian which is the apple town of Kashmir valley.

Munawar pass lies in the North of Pir ki Gali and over looks the town of Rajouri. Munawar pass observes some of the heaviest fighting during Operation Gibraltar and was seized by a Pakistani Force commanded by Major Malik Munawar Khan Awan SJ who later seized Indian Garrison of Rajouri. The pass was named after him by the locals.

Rohtang La (altitude 3,978 m (13,051 ft)) is a mountain pass on the eastern Pir Panjal range which connects Manali in the Kullu Valley to Keylong in the Lahaul Valley. Haji Pir Pass lies at an elevation of 2,637 m (8,652 ft) on the western Pir Panjal range on the road between Poonch and Uri is in the area of Kashmir administered by Pakistan.

 
Peaks

Deo Tibba (6,001 m (19,688 ft)) and Indrasan (6,221 m (20,410 ft)) are two important peaks at the eastern end of the mountain range. They can be approached from both the Parvati-Beas Valley (Kulu District) and the Chandra (Upper Chenab) Valley (Lahaul and Spiti District) in Himachal Pradesh. The hill station of Gulmarg in Kashmir lies in this range.

Tunnels

Road tunnels

Rohtang road tunnel
Rohtang tunnel is being built under the Rohtang Pass in the eastern Pir Panjal range of the Himalayas on the Leh-Manali Highway. It has a length of 8.8 km , the tunnel will be the longest road tunnel in India and is expected to reduce the distance between Manaliand Keylong by about 60 km . The tunnel is at 3,100 metres elevation whereas the Rohtang pass is at 3,978 metres elevation. This is one of the two routes to Ladakh, it lies on the Manali-Leh axis.

New Banihal road tunnel
Construction of a new 8.45 km long twin-tube Banihal-Qazigund road tunnel was started in 2011. The new tunnel is at a lower elevation than the existing Jawahar tunnel and when completed it would reduce the road distance between Banihal and Qazigund by 16 km. It would also be less prone to snow avalanche as it will be at a lower elevation.

Existing Banihal road tunnel
A 2.5 km (1.6 mi) long tunnel through Pir Panjal mountain under the Banihal pass connects Banihal with Qazigund on the other side of the mountain. The tunnel named Jawahar tunnel, it was founded in early 1950s and commissioned in December 1956 to ensure snow-free passage throughout the year. It is at an altitude of about 2,100 m (6,900 ft). It was designed for 150 vehicles per day but now used by more than 7,000 vehicles per day. Therefore a new wider and longer tunnel has been planned at a lower elevation.

Banihal railway tunnel
The Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel is an 11.215 kms railway tunnel which passes through the Pir Panjal Range in Jammu and Kashmir. It connects Banihal and Quazigund and is a part of the Udhampur-Srinagar-Baramulla railway project. The tunnel was commissioned on 26 June 2013 for regular service. It is India's longest and Asia's second longest railway tunnel.

 

 


Tours all over India  Nepal and Bhutan Home Mail to tourism expert of India e-mail  Online chat regarding travel and tours to India Chat Get contact information to Indian Tour Operator and Travel Agent Contact  Send your enquiry or tour request. Enquiry  Tour and Travel experts for India and Indian sub-continent About Us

Your feedback about travel and tours to India and Indian sub-continentFeedback

FAQ

Visit the site map of Indo Vacations Site Map India related and other useful links Links


www.indovacations.net
Copyright Indo Vacations. All Rights Reserved.