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Arunachal Pradesh
About Arunachal Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh Map

Arunachal Pradesh, the land of the rising sun, is the remotest and one of the loveliest region in the north east India. Arunachal Pradesh is a unique holiday destination and also one of the most least populated states in the entire North East. Arunachal Pradesh is largest of all the north eastern states and covers an area of 83,743 square km. Arunachal Pradesh shares border with the Myanmar, Bhutan and China.

This mysterious isolated land is being protected from the ills of over-development and its consequent problems, due to restricted entry regulations. The state of Arunachal Pradesh has such a magical charm that it attracts the visitor due to its natural beauty, tribal culture, craft traditions and splendid wildlife. It is blessed by a delightful variegated climate, that is perfect for holidays at any time of the year. It also provides the tourists, the verdant valleys, misty mountain peaks, swift rivers and the finest wildlife sanctuaries.

History of Arunachal Pradesh

Some of the areas of Arunachal Pradesh are so isolated that an Indian army reconnaissance recently revealed that a tribe is still living in caves and leading a nomadic life. They ate their food in uncooked state and are ignorant about the discovery of fire. They were leading the solitary life untouched and unaware of the global development and revolution occurring in this fast changing world. The references to this region are mentioned in the ancient "Puranas". The recorded history can be traced only when the Ahom kings of Assam began to rule in the 16th century and took the possession of Assam in 1838. The British Christened, originally known as North East Frontiers Agency (NEFA) took administrative control of Arunachal Pradesh and it remained under their control till 1948. In 1873, the British stopped free movement policy and this policy was resumed only after the Indian independence. It was placed under the administration of the Union Government in 1948 and attained the status ofs Union Territory under the name of Arunachal Pradesh on January 20th 1972. It was however acknowledged as a full-fledged state only on 20th February 1987 and converted into a legislative assembly. The state of Arunachal Pradesh is divided into eleven districts, each under the control of the Deputy Commissioner. The Indian Government has decided to open the state for tourism. But due to it typical strategic location, an inner line permit is required to explore the region.

Geography of Arunachal Pradesh

The serried ridges and peaks of the Eastern Himalayas of Arunachal Pradesh rise from the tropically lush valley of the Brahmaputra River. Almost 80 per cent of the state is under forest cover, which varies from the sub-tropical to the alpine in the upper regions of the northwest, bordered by the Himalayas. The forests have a dynamic blend of an amazing flora and fauna from north to south, and interspersed with rich valleys where the ancient tribes resides in the picturesque village. Strung out along the misty hilltops and deep valleys, its picturesque townships and villages are the first in the land to be kissed by the rays of the morning sun giving Arunachal Pradesh, a unique position. Plunging down from rugged peaks are emerald valleys which are fed by the intricate cobweb of rivers and streams that criss–cross this vast land. The mighty Siang River, that start as the Tsangpo in the Mansarovar in Tibet is fed by the mighty Brahmaputra River in Assam. Besides this, some other rivers are the Kameng, Subansiri, Lohit and the Tirap and their numerous tributaries, that offer tourists various opportunities for white river rafting, angling, climbing, trekking and tribal tours.

People of Arunachal Pradesh

About 26 major tribes and various sub-tribes resides in the villages of Arunachal Pradesh. The people are simple, friendly, hospitable and follow the traditional lifestyles. Some of the major tribes are the Wanchos, Noctes, Khamtis, Singphos, Tangsas, Adis, Akas, Apatanis, Mishis, Nyishis and Mijis, Monpas and Sherdukpens, Tawang and Membas.

More about People of Arunachal Pradesh

Arunachal Pradesh People

Festivals of Arunachal Pradesh

Arunachal Pradesh Festival

The festivals form an essential part of the socio-cultural life of the people of the Arunachal Pradesh. Such festivals are celebrated at a larger sale for thanking the Gods for their providence and for saying a prayer for a bumper crop. Some of the important festivals which are celebrated throughout the year are Solung, Mopin, Losar, Torgya, Saka Dawa, Dukpa Tse-Shi, Lhabab Dueshen, Ganden Ngamchoe, Nyukom Yullow, Boori Boot, Dree, Nechi Dau, Khan, Kshyat-Sowai, Loku, Ojiale, Reh, Sanken, Reh, Oriah, Si-Donyi and Tamladu.

Dances of Arunachal Pradesh

The dances form an important part in the life of the tribes and people of Arunachal Pradesh. These people dance during important rituals, festivals and also for recreation. Most of the dances are accompanied by songs sung generally in chorus. The dances of the people of Arunachal are group dances, where both men and women take part. Some of the popular folk dances of Arunachal Pradesh are Aji Lamu, Roppi, Hiirii Khaniing, Popir, Pasi Kongki, Chalo, Ponung, Rekham Pada, Lion and Peacock dance.

Arunachal Pradesh Dances


Art & Craft of Arunachal Pradesh

Arunachal Pradesh Pottery

Arunachal Pradesh is a land of the beautiful handicrafts. These handicrafts are available in a wide variety. All the people have a tradition of artistic craftsmanship. A wide variety of crafts such as weaving, painting, pottery, smithy work, basketry, woodcarving etc. are found among the people of Arunachal Pradesh. From the point of view of art and culture, the area can be divided into three zones.The first zone includes the Buddhist tribes. The people of the second zone are expert workers in cane and bamboo. The people of the third zone are famous for their woodcarving.

Wildlife Sanctuaries in Arunachal Pradesh

Arunachal Pradesh is home to a very rich variety of wildlife population due to the wide variety of altitudinal and climatic conditions and different types of forests. There are two national parks and four wildlife sanctuaries in Arunachal Pradesh. It is home to many rare and highly endangered species of wildlife like Mishmi, Takin, Hoolock Gibbon, Musk Deer, Bharal, Hisbid Hare, Flying Squirrel and more than 500 species of birds. Numerous species of butterflies, moths, beetles and all other kinds of small creatures have made Arunachal Pradesh a paradise for entomologists and naturalists. More than 500 rare species of orchids are also found in Arunachal Pradesh.

How to reach Arunachal Pradesh

By Air:
The nearest airport is located at Lilabari, North Lakhimpur in Assam. Lilabari is about 60 km from Itanagar.

Helicopter Services:
The Arunachal Pradesh Helicopter Service operates daily services between Guwahati and Naharlagun. The Helicopter also now connects many other centers within Arunachal Pradesh. The Helicopter Services mainly originate from Guwahati, Dibrugarh (Mohanbari) and Itanagar and are available for Tawang, Ziro, Along, Daporijo, Pasighat, Roing, Anini, Tezu and Khonsa.

By Rail:
The nearest railway station is located at Harmuty in Assam, about 33 km from Itanagar. A more convenient railway station is located at North Lakhimpur in Assam, about 60 km from Itanagar and 407 km from Guwahati.

By Road:

From Guwahati, one travels mostly on NH 52 to reach Itanagar, about 429 km away.

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