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About Assam
Assam Map, Map of Assam

Assam is the gateway to the north eastern part of India. The name "Assam" is derived from the word "Asom" which, in Sanskrit, means unequal or unrivalled. It is known as Assam due to the uneven topography of the land full of hills, plains and rivers and also due to the Mongolian Ahom dynasty which had ruled Assam for more than six hundred years. Assam, the mystic, rich and green land of rolling plains, dense forests, eternal blue hills and beautiful rivers is known for its tea, rich flora and fauna, and the world famous one horned rhinoceros. 

The principal language of Assam is Assamese. The capital of Assam is Dispur. Assam is bordered in the north by Bhutan, in the east by Arunachal Pradesh, in the south by Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram, in the south west by Meghalaya and in the west by West Bengal and Bangladesh. The State of Assam is one of the most beautiful regions of India. Some people call it a magical land while others call it a green paradise. No permit is required by domestic as well as foreign tourists to visit Assam. However, foreign tourists must have an Indian Visa. The temperature in Assam is moderate.

History of Assam

Assam's history goes back to ancient times. The base of this history can be found in Tantric literature, Buddhist literature, Assamese folklore and Vedic literature, the epics and the religious legends. The Aryans found their way into Assam in very early times. Various places mentioned in the epics, like Mahabharata etc. are now identified with sites in this state. The first known ruler of Assam was Mahiranga Danava of Danava dynasty, who was later succeeded by Hatakasur, Sambarsur and Ratnasur. After them there was a chief named Ghatakasur, the ruler of the Kiratas, who made Progjyotishpur, the modern Guwahati as his capital. The Lord Krishna also frequently appears in Assam mythology. During the early part of the 13th century, the Ahoms established their rule over Assam with the capital at Sibsagar, the Sovansiri area and ruled from there for about six hundred years. During their rule, they managed to keep the kingdom, independent from Mughal, the muslim invaders and as well from other invaders. The Mughals attacked Assam for about seventeen times. The British entered Assam in 1824 as tea planter which was the starting point of the destruction of Ahom dynasty. During the British Raj, till 1947, Assam comprised most of Northeast India, except the Tripura and Manipur. The government of India divided Assam into several states in the 1970s to satisfy national aspirations of the tribal populations living within the borders of Assam, and for other political reasons. The capital of Assam used to be Shillong for more than a hundred years till it was moved to Dispur, a suburb of Guwahati in 1972, after Meghalaya became a separate state of India.

Festivals of Assam

Assam is a land of fairs and festivals. Bihu is one of the most important national festival of Assam which is celebrated by all the people. The Bohag or Rongali Bihu ushers in the Assamese New Year, in the middle of April, and is celebrated with distinctive Bihu dances and songs. There are three festivals in Assam, which are celebrated in the month of Bohaag (mid April), Maagh (mid January), and Kaati (mid October). These festivals are Bohaag Bihu, Maagh Bihu and Kati Bihu.

More Information on Festivals of Assam

Assam Festivals, Assam Dances


Places in Assam
Places in Assam

There are 22 districts in Assam. Guwahati is the gateway to the enchanting north eastern India. It was known as the Pragjyotishpura, the Light of the East, and was a vast kingdom during the Mahabharata. Today, Guwahati is the hub of the region and also its largest city. The various other places in Assam are Majuli, Sibsagar, Haflong, Digboi and Tezpur.

More Information on Places in Assam

People of Assam

Assam is predominantly a land of the Tibeto-Burmese. The Austro-Asiatics, Negros, Dravidians, Alpines, Indo-mongoloids, Tibeto-Burmese and Aryans penetrated into Assam through different routes and contributed in their own way towards the unique fusion of a new community which came to be later known as the Assamese. The Assamese are the citizens of Assam and thus speaks the Assamese or Asomiya language. The Assamese comprises of the native Assamese, Mymenshingy settlers from Bangladesh and tea-garden laborers. Most of the Assamese are the Vaishnavite Hindus. The Assamese-speaking Hindus represent two-thirds of the state's population and indigenous Tibeto-Burman tribal groups make up another 16 percent. The Bengali-speaking Hindus and Muslims represent the largest minorities, followed by Nepalis and populations from neighboring regions of India.

Assam People, People of Assam
Art & Craft of Assam

Crafts of Assam

The people of Assam have been traditional craftsmen from the olden times. Assam is mostly known for its exquisite silks and the bamboo and cane products. Besides this, several other crafts like toys, pottery, woodcraft, masks, jewellery, metal crafts are also made here. Cane and bamboo have remained inseparable parts of life in Assam. They happen to be the two most commonly-used items in daily life, ranging from household implements to construction of dwelling houses to weaving accessories to musical instruments.

Wildlife Sanctuaries in Assam

Assam is known for the large variety of flora and fauna. Some of the famous national parks and wildlife sanctuaries in Assam are the Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park, Dibru-Saikhowa National Park, Nameri National Park, Orang National Park and Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary. The Kaziranga National Park is the first National Park in Assam and is the home of the great Indian one-horned Rhinoceros.

More Information on Wildlife Sanctuaries

Assam Wildlife, Kaziranga National Park

How to reach Assam

By Air:
Guwahati is well connected by air to most of the cities in the country. Most of the airlines operate regular flights to Guwahati, Jorhat, Dibrugarh, Tezpur, North Lakhimpur and Silchar. The Indian Airlines also connects Guwahati to the capitals of most of the other north eastern states.

By Rail:
Assam is well connected by train with the rest of the country. There are train services from Kolkata, New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, Cochin and Trivandrum. Some of the major towns within the state are also connected by the railway network.

By Road:
A network of National Highways and other roads connect all important places of Assam.


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