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About Tripura
Tripura Map, Map of Tripura

Tripura is one of the seven states in the north eastern part of India. Tripura is the second smallest state in India. It is bounded in the north, west, south and south-east by Bangladesh and in the east with Assam and Mizoram. It is believed that the name of the State originated from "Tripura Sundari", the presiding deity which is known as one of the 51 pethos of the Hindu pilgrims. It is also believed that originally, Tripura was known as "Tuipra" that means a land adjoining the water. In the earlier days, the boundaries of Tripura was extended up to the Bay of Bengal when its rulers held sway from Garo hills to Arakan. The state is covered by picturesque hills and dales, deep and green valleys which have added beauty to its landscape. It has excellent opportunity for tourism and various places of interest. The different folk dances of Tripura speak about its rich cultural heritage.

Agartala is the state capital of Tripura. The people of Tripura are known as Tripuris. Bengali, Kakbarak and Manipuri are the main languages which are spoken by the people in Tripura. The Kak-Barak, means the language of men (kak means words and barak means men). The best time to visit Tripura is in the month of September and October as at this time, the climate is very pleasant.

History of Tripura

The History of Tripura belongs to the days when the small territory of Tripura was a native state and it was ruled by Maharajas. It also played a role in the battle of Kurukshetra. The former princely state of Tripura was ruled by about 74 Maharajas of Manikya dynasty. In 1280 AD, Tripura experienced the onslaught of the Muslims. This was followed by the inhabitation of settlers from Bengal and Burma. The Bengal sultanate dominated till 1515. During the rule of Jasodhara Manikya in 1586 the Tripura Rajas confronted the Mughals and gave them a portion of Tripura after their defeat. During Krishna Manikya's rule, the Tripura was conquered by the British in 1761, and no political agents were appointed in the state till 1871. It was an independent administrative unit under the Maharaja even during the British rule in India. After India's independence, an agreement to merge Tripura with the Indian Union was signed by the Regent Maharani on September 9, 1947 and the administration of the state was actually taken over by the Govt. of India on October 15, 1949. Tripura became a union territory without legislature from November 1, 1956 and a popular ministry was established in Tripura on July 1, 1963. On January 21, 1972 Tripura became the state.

Geography of Tripura

The most famous hill ranges, located in the east are the Jampoi, Sakham Tlang, Langtarai, Athara Mura and Bara Mura. Be-talang-Shiv (3,200 feet) in the Jampoi hill range is the highest peak of the state. Various broad and elongated valleys are located between the north-south trending, parallel to high ranges. The soil in the valley is fertile with rich alluvial deposits and therefore suitable for the cultivation of paddy, jute, oilseeds, pulses, fruits and vegetables. About 54.5% of the land is under forest. Only about 24.3% area is available for agricultural use. The Khowati, the Manu, the Haorah, the Muhuri and the Gomati are some important rivers of Tripura. Gomati is the largest river and is the most sacred river in Tripura. The Khowai, Doloi, Manu, Juri and Langai rivers flows towards the north and the Gomati, Muhuri and Feni flows towards west.

Festivals of Tripura

The festivals of Tripura are celebrated by the tribal and non-tribal people. The main festival which is celebrated in Tripura is the Kharchi Puja, Ker and Garia Puja and Ganga Puja. The Kharchi Puja is held in the month of July and about fourteen deities are worshipped. The celebrations are held in the temple premises and is joined by thousands of people. When the sowing of seeds is over by middle of April, the people pray to the God 'Garia' for a happy harvest and entertain their beloved deity with song and dance. This puja is known as the Garia Puja. The Garia is a community festival and sacrifice of cocks is an important feature of the festival. The other two important festivals of Tripura are Durga Puja and Diwali.

Tripura Festivals, Culture of Tripura


Places in Tripura
Place in Tripura

Tripura offers various attractions for the tourists in the form of magnificent palaces, rock-cut carvings, Hindu temples, lakes, hill stations and wildlife sanctuaries. Some of the places in Tripura are Ujjayanta Palace, Kunjaban Palace, Neermahal Lake Palace, Tribal Museum, Sukanta Academy, Laxminarayan Temple, Uma Maheswar Temple, Jagannath Temple, Fourteen Goddess Temple, Portuguese Church, Gedu Mian Mosque, Unakoti, Pilak, Tripureswari temple, Dumboor lake, Rudrasagar, Amarsagar, Jampui hill and Sepahijala and Gumti wildlife sanctuaries.

People of Tripura

There are two major racial groups in Tripura, namely, the Indo-Aryans represented by the Bengalese and the Indo-Mongloids represented by a few communities like the Tripuris, Reangs, Jamatis, Noatias, Kukis, Halams, Chakma, Mogh and Lushai. The Tripuris also called Tripuras or Tipras are the original inhabitants of the state. The Tripuris constitute the largest section of the entire tribal community and represent more than 57% of the total tribal population of the state. They live in the plains, erect houses and follow the other aspects of life. The Reangs constitute about 4% of the total tribal population of the state. They are considered as one of the strongest pillars of the state military forces and are Hindus. The Jamatias also constituted the fighting force during the time of Tripura King. They prefer the Jhoom cultivation and settled down in the plains.

People of Tripura, Tripura communities
Dances of Tripura
Tripura Dances, Dances of Tripura

There are 19 different tribes, Bengalis and Manipuris in Tripura. Each of these people have their own dance forms which are famous all over the country. The main folk dances are Hozagiri dance of Reangs, Garia, Jhum, Maimita, Masak Sumani and Lebang boomani dances of Tripuris, Bizu dance of Chakma community, Cheraw and Welcome dances of Lusais, Hai-Hak dance of Malsums, Wangala dance of Garo, Sangraiaka, Chimithang, Padisha and abhangma dances of Mog, Garia dances of Kalai and Jamatia, Gajan, Dhamail, Sari and Rabindra dances of Bengalis and Basanta Rash and Pung chalam dances of Manipuris.


Art & Craft of Tripura

Excellent variety of handicrafts using bamboo and cane are made by different communities of people which are known throughout the country. The most famous handicraft products are Room Divider, wall panels, cane furniture, decorative items using Bamboo roots, Bamboo Dining table mats, Floor mats and various other gift items. The tourist can view the craftsman at work in different villages and buy handicraft and handloom products from the Government Emporium of Tripura and other private Sales Emporium.

Crafts of Tripura, Tripura Crafts

How to reach Tripura

By Air:
Agartala is well connected by air with Kolkata and Guwahati. The Agartala airport is located about 12 kms away from the city.

By Rail:
The nearest railway station is located at Kumarghat on N. F. Railway. It is about 1475 kms from Kolkata via Guwahati and 140 kms from Agartala.

By Road:
Tripura is also connected by road with Guwahati via Shillong by National Highway No. 44. Agartala is well connected with all sub-divisional towns of Tripura.

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