Varansi, About Varanasi, Tourist attraction in Varanasi

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Information on Varanasi

Varanasi, Varanasi Tour

Varanasi, also known as Kashi or Banaras is the India’s most sacred city. Varanasi is also called as the city of light. Varanasi, the holy city is situated on the northern bank of the River Ganges in Uttar Pradesh. Varanasi derives its name from the two tributaries of the Ganga which are Varuna and Asi, between which it is situated. This city is visited by over one million people from all over the world. Varanasi is one of the oldest living cities in the world. It is one of the most famous Hindu pilgrimage city in India. Varanasi is situated at an altitude of 81 meters above sea level. This city is not only linked with Hindus but it is linked with Buddhism and Jainism as well.

History of Varanasi

According to the legends, Varanasi was founded around ten centuries before the birth of Christ. This city also finds its place in various holy epics like Vamana Purana, the Ramayana, the Mahabharata and in some of the Buddhist texts. Varanasi was also known as "Avimuktaka", "Anandakanana", "Mahasmasana", "Surandhana", "Brahma Vardha", "Sudarsana", "Ramya", "Kasi", "Kashi" and "Banaras". Nearly 5000 years ago, Kasikanda described the glory of the city in 15,000 verses in the Skanda Purana. In it Lord Shiva says, 'the three worlds from one city of mine and Kasi is my royal palace therein'. On the eve of the rise of Buddhism in the 6th century BC, the kingdom of Kashi was one of the 16 Janapadas (great nations) that occupied the territory from the Kabul valley to the banks of the Godavari. Fa-Hsien and Huien Tsang, the famous Chinese travellers also visited this city in the 4th and 7th century A.D. Varanasi was the capital of the Gahadavala king, Jaichand, who was the most powerful Indian king just before the establishment of the Muslim rule in India. Under the Mughals, Varanasi formed part of the province of Oudh. According to a legend, the Ananda, one of the chief disciples of the Buddha, had wished that the Buddha had died in Varanasi instead of Kushinagara. This indicates the importance of the city in the 5th century B.C

Varanasi Ghats, Ghats in Varanasi

Tourist Attraction in Varanasi

Varanasi in India, Varanasi Tour

Ghats (flight of steps) and temples are the principal tourist attraction in Varanasi. Thousands of pilgrims and devotees visit this city to make holy prayers, to meditate and to purify themselves by taking a bath in the holy river Ganges. There are about 100 Ghats in Varanasi which are situated on the west banks of the river Ganges. The other main tourist attraction in Varanasi is the Kashi Vishwanath temple or the Golden temple. This temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. The other main places in Varanasi are the great mosque of Aurangzeb, Durga temple, Bharat Mata temple, the Ramnagar Fort Museum and Banaras Hindu University. Sarnath and Bodhgaya are also situated near by Varanasi.

Shopping in Varanasi

Varanasi has always been a centre of trade and commerce. Varanasi is famous for the silk brocades and beautiful Banarasi saris. Banarasi saris are some of the most sought-after ones throughout India because of their extraordinary weave and texture. The place is also known for silk weaving, embroidery and metalwork.

How to get here 

By Air:
There is a direct, daily flight connection between Varanasi and New Delhi. Various flights also operate between Khajuraho, Kolkata, Mumbai, Lucknow and Bhubaneshwar. 

By Rail:
Varanasi is an important and major rail junction. It is connected with all the major cities across the country like New Delhi, Bombay, Calcutta, Madras, Gwalior, Meerut, Indore, Guwahati, Allahabad, Lucknow, etc.

By Road:
Varanasi is connected to the rest of the country by good roads. Varanasi is about 565 kms from Agra, 128 kms from Allahabad, 765 kms from Delhi and about 405 kms from Khajuraho.

States in North India
Delhi || Jammu & Kashmir || Haryana & Punjab || Himachal Pradesh || Madhya Pradesh || Rajasthan || Uttar Pradesh || Uttaranchal

Information about Madhya Pradesh
Introduction || History || Geography || Climate || Economy || People || Languages || Festivals || Tourist Attractions || Wildlife Sanctuaries

Cities in Madhya Pradesh
Bhopal || Gwalior || Indore || Jabalpur || Khajuraho || Mandu || Orchha || Sanchi || Ujjain

Distances from Cities in Madhya Pradesh
Bandhavgarh || Bhopal || Gwalior || Hissar || Indore || Jabalpur || Kanha || Khajuraho || Shivpuri || Ujjain

Fair and Festivals of Madhya Pradesh
Madai Festival || Bhagoriya Festival || Karma Festival || Nagaji Fair || Mahashivratri || Khajuraho Dance Festival || Tansen Music Festival

Tourist Attractions in Madhya Pradesh
Eastern Group of Temples || Western Group of Temples

Wildlife Sanctuaries of Madhya Pradesh
Bandhavgarh National Park || Kanha National Park || Panna National Park

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