Birds in India
Birding in India
Birds in India
Birding Tour Experience
Bird Sanctuaries in India
Assan Barrage Bird Sanctuary
Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
Chilka Lake Bird Sanctuary
Corbett National Park
Desert National Park
Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary
Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary
Other Bird Sanctuaries in India

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Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary commonly known as Keoladeo Ghana National Park is one of the finest bird sanctuary in the world. The Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary was established in 1956 in Bharatpur. The Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is the famous and easily accessible bird sanctuary in India. This sanctuary is one of the world's best bird sanctuaries and the largest bird sanctuary in Asia. The sanctuary is a quiet and serene place to watch rare Indian and foreign birds. The area was

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary Rajasthan India

declared as a national park on 10 March 1982. More than 300 species of birds are found in this small national park of 29 square kms out of which 11 square km area is covered by marshes and the rest are scrubland and grassland.

Every year this sanctuary is visited by over 400 species of water birds including the exotic migratory birds from Central Asia, Afghanistan, and Tibet and the rare Siberian cranes from Siberia. During the winters, various migratory birds come here all the way from Siberia and Russia, including the rare Siberian crane, herons, ibis, pelicans, egrets, Brahminy ducks and geese.

History of Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
The name Keoladeo is derived from an ancient Hindu temple, devoted to Lord Shiva, which stands at the centre of the park. 'Ghana' means dense, referring to the thick forest, which used to cover the area. Keoladeo is the only place where the habitat has been created by a Maharaja. In earlier times, Bharatpur town used to be flooded regularly every monsoon. In 1760, an earthen dam (Ajan Dam) was constructed, to save the town, from the floods. Later the depression created by extraction of soil for the dam was cleared and this became the Bharatpur Lake. The Keoladeo Ghana National park was the royal hunting preserve of the royal Bharatpur family and one of the best duck shooting wetlands in the world. In 1956, this reserve was turned into a sanctuary, though the Maharaja was allowed to hunt in this reserve till 1972. The hunting was prohibited by mid 60s. In 1981, the sanctuary was designated as a national park.

Birds in the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
The major attraction in the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary are the numerous migratory birds, which come from as far away as Siberia, Russia and Central Asia and spend their winters in Bharatpur, before returning to their breeding grounds. Some of these migratory birds are Siberian crane, herons, ibis, pelicans, egrets, painted storks, darters, Brahminy ducks and geese. Besides the migratory birds, some local birds like Spoonbills, Cranes, Herons, Egrets, Storks, Flamingoes, Cormorants, Kingfishers, Blue Jays, Shrikes, Orioles, Paradise Flycatchers, Parakeets, Eagles, Hawks, Harriers, Stints, Wagtails, Warblers, Wheatears, Buntings, Larks and Pipits, etc. can also be seen in this sanctuary. Various animals like Wild Boar, Sambhar, Chital, Nilgai, Mongoose, Otter, Jackal, Fox, Hyena, Porcupine, Rock Python, Leopard, Jungle Cat and Fishing Cat can also be seen in the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary.

Best Time to Visit Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is open throughout the year, but the ideal visiting months are from August to November for resident breeding birds and October to February for migratory birds. The best time to visit this sanctuary is from November to February.

The tourists can visit this sanctuary either on foot or on Rickshaws or hire a Bicycle. The rickshaw pullers have been trained by the park management in bird watching and are quite knowledgeable.

How to reach Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
By Air:
The nearest airport is Agra which is about 55 km.

By Rail:
Regular rail services connect Bharatpur with several cities on Delhi-Mumbai trunk route. Rail services also connects Bharatpur with Jaipur and Agra.

By Road:
A network of bus services links Bharatpur with several cities within and outside Rajasthan.


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