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Bird Sanctuaries in India
Assan Barrage Bird Sanctuary
Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
Chilka Lake Bird Sanctuary
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Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary
Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary
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Chilka Lake Bird Sanctuary

Information about Chilka Lake Bird Sanctuary

Chilka Lake is the largest brackish water wetland, situated in the east coast in the district of Puri in Orissa. This vast lagoon is studded with small fascinating islands and sandy beaches interspersed with casuarina grooves along the Bay of Bengal. The Chilka Lake is Asia's largest inland salt-water lagoon. Studded with small islands, including the Honeymoon Island and Breakfast Island, the lake is separated from the Bay of Bengal by a sandy

Chilka Lake Bird Sanctuary Orissa India

ridge. The pear-shaped lake spreads across 1,100 square km, and has a unique ecosystem with a range of aquatic flora and fauna found in and around its brackish waters. Chilka is a vast and picturesque lake and famous for rich bio-diversity including the migratory birds and has been acknowledged as a "Ramsar site".

Birds in the Chilka Lake Bird Sanctuary
About 167 species of resident and migratory birds including white bellied sea eagle, brahminy kite, spotbilled pelican, barheaded goose, openbilled stork, spoonbill, brahimny duck, wigeon, pintail, shoveller, ibis, stilt, greylag geese, purple moorhen, jacana, heron, egret, avocet, gull, tern, kingfisher etc. can be seen in this lake. Chilka is home to one of the world's largest breeding colonies of flamingoes. Besides this, the wetland provides home for endangered Irrawady dolphin. The sunrise and sunset in Chilka are unforgettable. Other than the birds, Chilka's shores are home to blackbuck, spotted deer, golden jackals and hyenas. The lake is very rich in aquatic life and its waters harbour around 160 species of fish, crustaceans and other marine creatures, including the famous Chilka dolphin. Prawn, crab and mackerel fishing are an important source of livelihood for the local people, and hundreds of small fishing boats set sail each morning to bring in the day's catch from the lake.

Best Time to Visit Chilka Lake Bird Sanctuary

The weather remains moderately warm the whole year round, so come any time of the year except during the rainy season from June to September. The best time, however, is from October to March, when the lake is crowded with migrating birds, usually at least 50-70 species. Pilgrims flock here in January during Makar Mela (at the time of Makar Sankranti) to pay obeisance to the Goddess Kalijai, whose temple is situated on Kalijai island in Chilka Lake.

How to reach Chilka Lake Bird Sanctuary

By Air:
Chilka is approximately 120 km from Bhubaneshwar, the nearest airport.

By Road:
Chilka, Puri, Behrampore, Bhubaneshwar and Cuttack are easily accessible by road.

By Rail:
The nearest railway stations are at Rambha and Balugaon, both of which have train connections to cities as distant as Kolkata, Puri, Hyderabad and Chennai. From both Balugaon and Rambha buses are available to the lake.


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