Bikaner: Introduction of Bikaner, History of Bikaner, Tourist Attraction in Bikaner

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Introduction of Bikaner

Bikaner, Jaisalmer and Jodhpur forms the desert triangle in the state of Rajasthan. Bikaner was founded in the year 1488 by Rao bika, a descendant of Jodha, the founder of Jodhpur. It lies in the north of Rajasthan at an altitude of 237 mts above sea level. It covers an area of 38.10 square km. Earlier, it was a major trade centre as it lies on the ancient caravan route which linked central Asia and North India with the Gujarat seaports. While other cities of Rajasthan are rich in lakes and havellis, Bikaner seems quite bare in that respect. Bikaner is famous for its superb fort, camel safaris and Karni Mata temple. In this temple thousands of holy rats are worshipped. Hindi, Rajasthani, Marwari and English are the common languages which are spoken here. The climate in Bikaner is temperate. In Summers the temperature is not too hot. It is around 41.8 Celsius and in winters it is around 5 Celsius.

History of Bikaner

A Rajput prince Rao Bika ji who was the descendent of Rao Jodha Ji, the founder of Jodhpur established his kingdom in Bikaner in 1459 AD. Bika Ji chose a barren land called "Jungladesh" and shaped it into an impressive city called Bikaner. Ever since the foundation of Bikaner till its accession into Indian Union in 1947 A.D. and after it's integration in Rajasthan state in 1949 AD, Bikaner has played a notable role in the history of Rajasthan. Bikaner has produced several able Generals and warriors and distinguished rulers like Raja Rai Singh and Raja Anup Singh. Bikaner has many magnificent buildings made of reddish pink sandstone that transcends the surrounding barren wilderness.

Tourist Attraction in Bikaner

The main tourist attraction in Bikaner are Junagarh Fort and Lal Gadh Palace. Junagarh Fort was built between 1571 to 1611 AD. This fort was constructed of red sandstone and marble with kiosks and balconies embellishing the structure at intervals.

How to reach Bikaner

By Air:
The nearest airport to Bikaner is Jodhpur which is about 247 km away.

By Rail:
Bikaner is on the meter gauge network of the western Railways. It has convenient connections from Delhi and Jodhpur. Air-conditioned coaches are attached to Delhi trains.

By Road:
Bikaner is well connected by road to the various cities in Rajasthan. Regular bus service operates between Bikaner and major cities like Jaipur, Kota, Udaipur, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur and Ajmer. Rajasthan Roadways run daily deluxe coaches between Jaipur and Bikaner.

To know the distances from Bikaner click here.

Map of Bikaner

Map of Bikaner, Rajasthan

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