Jaipur: Introduction of Jaipur, History of Jaipur, Tourist Attractions in Jaipur

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Introduction of Jaipur

Jaipur, the vibrant capital city of Rajasthan, is situated at an altitude of 431 meters above sea level. It covers an area of 64.75 square km. Jaipur is popularly known as the "Pink city" as some of the buildings in the old city are in pink color. This city sits on dry lake bed in an arid landscape, surrounded by the Aravallis and protected by the Nahargarh Fort. The city is a visitor's delight. Hindi, Rajasthani, Marwari and English are the common languages which are spoken in Jaipur. In Summers, the temperature is around 45 degree Celsius and in winters it is around 7 degree Celsius. So the best time to visit Jaipur is from November to March.

Hawa Mahal, Hawa Mahal in Jaipur
History of Jaipur 

The royal city of Jaipur owes its name, foundations and careful planning to the great warrior and astronomer, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II of the Kachchwaha clan of Rajputs ruled the city from the year 1699 to 1744. The ancient capital of Rajasthan was Amber but in 1727 the foundations were laid and from Amber the capital was shifted to Jaipur. In this land, towering forts were built to protect the capital from the enemy and battles were fought by the great rulers.

Tourist Attraction in Jaipur

The main tourist attractions in Jaipur are Hawa Mahal, Jantar Mantar, Amber Fort, City Palace, Laxmi Narayan Temple, Jaigarh Fort, Nahargarh Fort, Albert Hall and Raj Mandir (Movie Theatre). The City Palace is the formal residence of the royal family, built in a blend of the Rajasthani and Mughal architecture. In the museum of the city palace we visit the private collection of the Jaipur Maharajas. Jantar Mantar is an observatory of outsized astronomical instruments, the largest of Jai Singh's five remarkable observatories. Hawa Mahal (Palace of the Winds) was built in 1799 AD. It contains 953 small casements with each having its own balcony. The windows enabled cool air to circulate and the ladies to watch processions below without being seen. Laxmi Narayan Temple is the Hindu temple of God Vishnu and goddess Laxmi. This temple was built by the Birlas of white marble.

How to reach Jaipur

By Air:
Jaipur is well connected to major metropolitan cities of India like Delhi, Bombay, Kolkata and Madras. It is also well connected to other cities of Rajasthan as well through regular flights of Indian airlines, Jet Airways and Sahara Airlines. 

By Rail:
Jaipur is connected by rail with important trains on its principal networks. The main pride of Jaipur is Palace on Wheels, the Royal Train. This special luxury train starts from Delhi and takes a round trip of Rajasthan.

By Road:
Jaipur is connected by all the major destinations of India and Rajasthan. Deluxe and air conditioned buses are operated by the Rajasthan Roadways and private operators between Jaipur, Delhi and other cities of Rajasthan and rest of India.

To know the distances from Jaipur click here.

Map of Jaipur

Map of Jaipur, Rajasthan

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