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Information about Deeg

Deeg is a town and a municipality in Bharatpur district in the state of Rajasthan, India. It is situated about  32 km north of Bharatpur and 98 km north of Agra. Deeg was built by Maharaja Suraj Mahl in the 18th century, this town served as the second capital of Bharatpur and a summer retreat for the royal family. The main attraction of the place is the Maharaja's Palace, in the centre of the town, with extensive gardens beautified with fountains expansive courtyards. Deeg bore the impact of battles in which Maharaja Suraj Mahl showcased the power of his Jat empire against the combined empires of Mughals and the Marathas.

In Hindu mythology, Deeg comes under the parikrama path of Krishna which was started from Goverdhan, just only 12 km. far from Deeg. Some people identify it as the ancient town of "Dirgha" or "Dirghapur" mentioned in Skanda Purana Deeg is located at 27.47°N 77.33°E. It has an average height of 174 m (571 ft).

Deeg is famous for the three-day fair held in the month of September, when the forts of Deeg are brought to vigor. Deeg has different kinds of palaces, the most popular among them is "Sawan-Bhadon". The palace has a vacant ceiling with rolling iron spheres in it; when water is made to flow into the ceiling, these spheres collide with each other and produce a sound like raining clouds.

History of Deeg

It is an very old town. It finds mention in Skanda Purana as “Dirgha” or “Dirghapura”. Deeg was the first capital of the newly carved out Jat state of Bharatpur, when Badan Singh was declared its ruler in 1722. In 1730, the Maharaja Suraj Mal erected the strong fortress of Deeg. After Suraj Mal moved the capital to Bharatpur, Deeg became the second capital of the rulers of Bharatpur princely state. It is famous for its number of forts, palaces, gardens and fountains.

Badan Singh ( 1722–1756 AD) after assuming the throne combine the headship of the tribe and thereby became the virtual founder of the Jat house at Bharatpur. The credit of starting the urbanization of Deeg also goes to him. It was he who selected this spot as the headquarters of his newly established Jat kingdom. 

Tourist Attractions in Deeg

North of Bharatpur is this beautiful garden town, the gardens have been laid with great care and precision, the luminous fountains and meticulous palaces add to he beauty of this peaceful retreat of the princes of Bharatpur. The tourist enjoy the delightful settings of this agricultural town, along with the well preserved palace pavilions and gardens.

Some very remarkable buildings are:

1)Deeg Fort
The fort stands regally over a slightly prominent point, founded by Raga Suraj Mal. The fort is enclosed by remarkable moats, pits and gateways, the interiors are mostly in ruins now, but the watch tower still stands in the ruins keeping an eye over the City and Palace; over it is placed a gun captured from Agra fort.

2)Purana Mahal
It is the oldest palace, planned as a spacious rectangle surrounded by compartments and chamber, it has a collection of some very fine Rajput and Mughal schools.

3)Suraj Bhavan
To the east of the main building, this palace has balconies overhanging the water. The whole palace in marble is like an airy pavilion with fine decoration within the apartments.

4)Bengal Chamber
It houses the dining room, and has sloping arches, with comfortable cushions along the outer edges forming the seating area. The walls of the royal Chess Room has trellis design and are painted in soft red.

5)Nand Bhavan
It is a larage audience hall. "Krishna Bhavan", and the ingeniously designed water works of "Keshav Bhavan", with open twelve pillared pavilion are of huge interest.

6)Gopal Bhavan
Completed in 1760, an imaginatively designed building complex with magnificently laid gardens at its entrance and the rear overlooks the Gopal Sagar which is flanked with smaller pavilions Sawan and Bhadon. The formal gardens face a raised terrace with an arch of shiny marble installed on a pedestal in the form of swing. This beautiful swing is a war trophy brought in by the well-known Jat king Raja Suraj Mal from the Mughal court in Delhi. The spacious and well proportioned Banquet Hall has a double row of elegant pillars. The back of the chamber is further divided by a charming hollow pool with fountains. The Banquet hall houses a rich collection of curios, souvenirs and Victorian furniture. Staircases wind upstairs to the upper floors. One room contains a solid black marble bed from Delhi.

7) Deeg Palace
Deeg Palace is a palace located near Bharatpur in Rajasthan state in India. Deeg palace is set around by formal Mughal gardens and is consider by some to be the second only to the Taj Mahal in its magnificence and symmetry. It is famous for its famous water palaces, aesthetic gardens and fountains.

How to Get There

By Rail
Slow trains are available from Alwar and Mathura. Deeg railway station lies on the Mathura-Alwar railway line that caters mainly to freight trains. Bharatpur is also the nearest railway station from where one can take trains to Delhi, Jaipur, and Mumbai.

By Road
Can be reached from Mathura, Alwar or Bharatpur. Regular Buses are available from Jaipur, Bharatpur, Alwar, Mathura and New Delhi.

By Air
Nearest Airport is Agra (54 km) and then Jaipur (182 kms.).

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