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About Maharashtra

Maharashtra is a state in the western region of India. It is the second most populous state after Uttar Pradesh and third largest state by area in India. Maharashtra is the wealthiest state in India, contributing 15% of the country's industrial output and 13.3% of its GDP (2006–2007 figures). Maharashtra is the world's second most populous first-level administrative country sub-division. The state covers an area of 307,731 km2 (118,816 sq mi) or 9.84% of the total geographical area of India. Mumbai, the capital city of the state, is India's largest city and the financial capital of the nation. Nagpur is the second (Winter) capital of the state. Marathi is the state's official language.

Maharashtra is bordered by the Arabian Sea to the west, Gujarat and the Union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli to the northwest, Madhya Pradesh to the north and northeast, Chhattisgarh to the east, Andhra Pradesh to the southeast, Karnataka to the south and Goa to the southwest. Maharashtra is one of the most industrialized states of india. Maharashtra is the most visited state by foreign tourists in India and 4th most visited state by domestic tourists in country in 2010.Recently, Aurangabad was declared as Tourism Capital of Maharashtra.

History of Maharashtra

The name Maharashtra appeared in a 7th-century inscription and in the account of a Chinese traveller, Hiuen-Tsang. In 90 AD Vedishri, son of the Satavahana king Satakarni, the "Lord of Dakshinapatha, wielder of the unchecked wheel of Sovereignty", made Junnar, thirty miles north of Pune, the capital of his kingdom.. Maharashtra was ruled by the Maurya Empire in the 4th and 3rd century BC. Around 230 BCE Maharashtra came under the rule of the Satavahana dynasty which ruled the region for 400 years.

The greatest ruler of the Satavahana Dynasty was Gautamiputra Satakarni. The Chalukya dynasty ruled Maharashtra from the 6th century to the 8th century and the two famous rulers were Pulakesi II, who defeated the north Indian Emperor Harsha and Vikramaditya II, who defeated the Arab invaders in the 8th century. The Rashtrakuta Dynasty ruled Maharashtra from the 8th to the 10th century.The Arab traveler Sulaiman called the ruler of the Rashtrakuta Dynasty (Amoghavarsha) as "one of the 4 great kings of the world".

In the early 14th century the Yadava dynasty, which ruled most of present-day Maharashtra, was defeated by the Delhi Sultanateruler Ala-ud-din Khalji. Later, Muhammad bin Tughluq conquered parts of the Deccan, and temporarily shifted his capital from Delhi to Daulatabad in Maharashtra.

By the early 17th century, Shahaji Bhosale, an ambitious local general in the service of the Mughals and Adil Shah of Bijapur, attempted to establish his independent rule. His son Shivaji succeeded in establishing Maratha Empire which was further expanded by Bhonsle of Nagpur, Gaekwad of Baroda, Holkar of Indore, Scindia of Gwalior and Peshwas (prime ministers). The Marathas defeated the Mughals, and conquered large territories in Northern and Central parts of the Indian subcontinent.

After India's independence, the Deccan States, including Kolhapur were included into Bombay State, which was created from the former Bombay Presidency in 1950. In 1956, the States Reorganisation Act reorganised the Indian states along linguistic lines, and Bombay Presidency State was enlarged by the addition of the predominantly Marathi-speaking regions of Marathwada from erstwhile Hyderabad state and Vidarbha region from the Central Provinces and Berar. Also, southernmost part of Bombay State was ceded to Mysore one. From 1954–1955 the people of Maharashtra strongly protested against bilingual Bombay state and Samyukta Maharashtra Samiti under the leadership of Dr. Gopalrao Khedkar was formed.

Geography of Maharashtra

Maharashtra encompasses an area of 308,000 km˛ (119,000 mi˛), and it is the third largest state in India. It is surrounded by the states of Madhya Pradesh to the north, Chhattisgarh to the east, Andhra Pradesh to the southeast, Karnataka to the south, and Goa to the southwest. Kalsubai, a peak in the Sahyadris, near Nashik City is the highest elevated point in Maharashtra. To the east of the Ghats lies the flat Deccan Plateau. To the west of these hills lie the Konkan coastal plains, 50–80 kilometres in width. The state of Gujarat lies to the northwest, with the Union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli sandwiched in between. The Arabian Sea makes up Maharashtra's west coast. The Western Ghats better known as Sahyadri, are a hilly range running parallel to the coast, at an average altitude of 1,200 metres (4,000 ft). The Western Ghats form one of the three watersheds of India, from which many South Indian rivers originate, most famous among the rivers are the Krishna River and Godavari River which flow eastward into the Bay of Bengal, forming one of the greatest river basins in India.

Tourism in Maharashtra

Adventure tourism
Maharashtra offers the adventure lovers, over 45 adventures to choose from across its length and breadth. It has over 550 forts to visit including over 20 Sea Forts, 720 km of coastline, the unbelievable scenes of its western ghats that has excellent wildlife and camping possibilities. From water to land to aero, there is a host of adventures to choose from

Rock climbing

Rock climbing is an activity in which participants climb up, down or across natural rock formations or artificial rock walls.

Wildlife Safari
Wildlife Safari is a safari park in Winston, Oregon, United States. It is home to hundreds of animals that wander freely over the 600-acre (240 ha) park, which guests can drive through.

Scuba diving
Scuba diving is a form of underwater diving in which a diver uses a self contained underwater breathing apparatus (scuba) to breathe underwater.

Paragliding is the leisure and competitive adventure sport of flying paragliders: lightweight, free-flying, foot-launched glider aircraft with no rigid primary structure.

Gliding is a recreational activity and competitive air sport in which pilots fly unpowered aircraft known as gliders or sailplanes using naturally occurring currents of rising air in the atmosphere to remain airborne.

Canoeing is a paddle sport in which one can kneel or sit facing forward in an open-deckedcanoe, and propel themselves with a single-bladed paddle, under owns power.


Kayaking is the use of a Kayak for moving across water. Over the years, kayaking has evolved into a popular water sport.

Snorkeling is the practice of swimming on or through a body of water while equipped with a diving mask, a shaped tube called a snorkel, and generally fins.

Nature tourism
Maharashtra has an enormous potential for Nature Tourism. Many public and private organisations have begun unique and innovative nature tourism. Some of them are Ecomantra, Nature Trails, Wild Escapes, Orchid Group etc.

Hill stations in Maharashtra

Lonavale is a town and a hill station Municipal Council in Pune district in the Maharashtra India.It is about 64 km away from the city of Pune, 96 km away from the city Mumbai.

Igatpuri is a town and a Hill Station municipal council in Nashik District in the Maharashtra, India. It is located in the Western Ghats.

Karjat is a city, a Municipal Council, a Tahsil and a sub-district in Raigad district,Mumbai in the Indian state of Maharashtra.

Mahabaleshwar is a city and a municipal council in Satara district in the Maharashtra, India. It is a hill station which is located in the Western Ghats range.


Panhala is a city and a Hill station Municipal Council (3177 feet above sea level) 18 km northwest of Kolhapur, in Kolhapur district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.

Khandala is a hill station in the Western Ghats in the state of Maharashtra, India, it is about 3 kilometres from Lonavala and 7 kilometres from Karjat.

Amboli is a hill station in south Maharashtra, India. It is the last hill station before the coastal highlands of Goa and a relatively unexplored one at an elevation of 690 m.

Chikhaldara is a Hill Station and a municipal council in Amravati district in the state of Maharashtra, India. The scenic beauty of Chikhaldara can be enjoyed from Prospect Point, Devi Point, and Hurricane Point.

Toranmal is a Hill Station in the municipal council of the Nandurbar district in Maharashtra, India.

Jawhar is a city and a municipal council in Thane district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is about 166 km from Mumbai and 80 km from the city of Nasik.

Panchgani is a famous hill station and municipal council in Satara district in Maharashtra, India.

Matheran is a Hill Station and a municipal council in the Raigad district in the Maharashtra, India.

How To Reach There

By Rail
Mumbai is the state's most important Railway Station. A large number of important trains link the city to other important cities and states of India. There are also major Railway Stations in or close by the tourist destinations.

By Road

National Highway 17 and the National Highway 6 links the state of Maharashtra with the rest of India. The state enjoys extremely good road network. Besides, a number of other National Highways and State Highways crisscross the state making it convenient to approach any city of Maharashtra from any part of the country. MSRTC (Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation) runs several buses to and from the city to several other cities and states of the country.

By Air
The state has two airports - one international (Chattarpati Shivaji International Airport) and another domestic (Santa Cruz Domestic Airport) - in its capital city Mumbai. All public and private airlines, like: Air India, Indian Airlines, Jet Airways, Air Sahara, Kingfisher Airlines, Spice Jet, Air Deccan, operate regularly to and from Mumbai.



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